Environmental fate and toxicity in wastewater treatment of quaternary ammonium surfactants

@inproceedings{Boethling1984EnvironmentalFA,
  title={Environmental fate and toxicity in wastewater treatment of quaternary ammonium surfactants},
  author={Robert S. Boethling},
  year={1984}
}
Surface-active quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) represent an important class of industrial chemicals with a wide range of commercial and consumer uses. The Chemical Economics Handbook (SRI, 1981) estimated U.S. production of QACs to be approx. 100 million pounds in 1979, with annual growth expected at 6-8% per year through 1983. Dialkyldimethylammonium QACs, by far the larger of the two major classes in terms of production volume, are used primarily in fabric softeners and oil-based… CONTINUE READING
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