Environmental factors affecting black/white coloration of the silken girdle in the swallowtail butterfly, Atrophaneura alcinous (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).

@article{Saito2005EnvironmentalFA,
  title={Environmental factors affecting black/white coloration of the silken girdle in the swallowtail butterfly, Atrophaneura alcinous (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).},
  author={Masami Saito and Akira Yamanaka and Hisashi Masaki and Ayako Nishijima and Yumiko Harada and Chisato Kitazawa and Hirokazu Abe and Masao Watanabe and Katsuhiko Endo},
  journal={Zoological science},
  year={2005},
  volume={22 11},
  pages={1259-63}
}
The silken girdles of pupae of the swallowtail butterfly Atrophaneura alcinous show black and white color diphenism. Field observations revealed that all pupae observed on non-food plants and the leaves and stems of the larval food plant Aristolochia debilis were classified as a silken girdle of a black type, while a large portion of pupae pupating on the twigs and trunks of cherry trees in close proximity to A. debilis were classified as a silken girdle of a black type. Additionally, all pupae… CONTINUE READING