Environmental exposure to microplastics: An overview on possible human health effects.

  title={Environmental exposure to microplastics: An overview on possible human health effects.},
  author={Joana Correia Prata and Jo{\~a}o P. da Costa and Isabel Lopes and Armando C. Duarte and Teresa A. P. Rocha-Santos},
  journal={The Science of the total environment},

Consequences of nano and microplastic exposure in rodent models: the known and unknown

Standardized sampling techniques and improved characterization of environmental MP and NP are needed and may help in toxicity assessments of relevant particle mixtures, filling knowledge gaps in the literature.

The potential effects of microplastics on human health: What is known and what is unknown

Results from correlative studies in people exposed to high concentrations of microplastics, model animal and cell culture experiments, suggest that effects of micro Plastics could include provoking immune and stress responses and inducing reproductive and developmental toxicity.

Effects of Microplastics on Fish and in Human Health

Microplastics (MPs) are regarded as a global issue due to their toxicity effects on fish and humans. Fish is a vital origin of human protein, which is necessary for body growth. Contamination of fish

Microplastics - an emerging silent menace to public health

Overall, while it is apparent that microplastics are causing adverse effects on different biological groups and ecosystems, current research is largely focused on marine organisms and aquaculture, with more studies needed to investigate specific effects in mammalian cells and tissues.



Ecotoxicological effects of microplastics on biota: a review

The present review focused on the ecological impact of microplastics on biota at different trophic levels, its uptake, accumulation, and excretion etc., and its plausible mechanistic toxicity with risk assessment approaches.

Tissue accumulation of microplastics in mice and biomarker responses suggest widespread health risks of exposure

Investigation of tissue distribution, accumulation, and tissue-specific health risk of MPs in mice revealed significant alteration in several biomarkers that indicate potential toxicity from MPs exposure, and provided new evidence for the adverse consequences of MPs.

Simulating human exposure to indoor airborne microplastics using a Breathing Thermal Manikin

The exposure of humans to indoor airborne microplastics using a Breathing Thermal Manikin is addressed and the potential direct human exposure to microplastic contamination via indoor air is highlighted.

Airborne microplastics: Consequences to human health?

  • J. C. Prata
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    Environmental pollution
  • 2018

Human Consumption of Microplastics.

Focusing on the American diet, the number of microplastic particles in commonly consumed foods in relation to their recommended daily intake is evaluated and it is estimated that annual microplastics consumption ranges from 39000 to 52000 particles depending on age and sex.

Barrier Capacity of Human Placenta for Nanosized Materials

The findings suggest that nanomaterials have the potential for transplacental transfer and underscore the need for further nanotoxicologic studies on this important organ system.