Environmental exposure to cadmium, forearm bone density, and risk of fractures: prospective population study

@article{Staessen1999EnvironmentalET,
  title={Environmental exposure to cadmium, forearm bone density, and risk of fractures: prospective population study},
  author={Jan A Staessen and Harry A. Roels and Dmitri Emelianov and Tatiana Kuznetsova and Lutgarde Thijs and Jaco Vangronsveld and Robert H. Fagard},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1999},
  volume={353},
  pages={1140-1144}
}
BACKGROUND Chronic low-level exposure to cadmium may promote calcium loss via urinary excretion. We undertook a prospective population study to investigate whether environmental exposure to cadmium lowers bone density and increases risk of fractures. METHODS We measured urinary cadmium excretion, a biomarker of lifetime exposure, in people from ten districts of Belgium, of which six districts bordered on three zinc smelters. We also measured cadmium in soil and in vegetables from the… CONTINUE READING
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