Environmental enrichment and development of cage stereotypy in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica).

  title={Environmental enrichment and development of cage stereotypy in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica).},
  author={C. Meehan and J. Garner and J. Mench},
  journal={Developmental psychobiology},
  volume={44 4},
  • C. Meehan, J. Garner, J. Mench
  • Published 2004
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Developmental psychobiology
  • Stereotypies are abnormal repetitive behaviors that often develop in animals housed in impoverished environments. [...] Key Result Unenriched parrots developed significantly more stereotypy than enriched parrots, and the mean time to stereotypy onset and the rate and magnitude of stereotypy increase also differed between the two groups. We then provided enrichment to the birds that had been reared in the barren cages. Following a 4-week delay, stereotypy was significantly reduced. These results show that…Expand Abstract
    119 Citations

    Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

    The development of stereotypic behavior in caged European starlings, Sturnus vulgaris.
    • 15
    • Highly Influenced
    • PDF


    Isosexual pair housing improves the welfare of young Amazon parrots
    • 65
    Environmental enrichment for zoo bears
    • 144
    Development of spontaneous stereotyped behavior in deer mice: effects of early and late exposure to a more complex environment.
    • 90
    • Highly Influential
    Age and Context Affect the Stereotypies of Caged Mink
    • 106
    • Highly Influential
    • PDF
    A Rodent Model of Spontaneous Stereotypy: Initial Characterization of Developmental, Environmental, and Neurobiological Factors
    • 126
    • Highly Influential
    Causal factors of stereotypies in caged birds
    • 88
    • Highly Influential
    Evidence for a relationship between cage stereotypies and behavioural disinhibition in laboratory rodents
    • 211