Environmental enrichment and development of cage stereotypy in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica).

@article{Meehan2004EnvironmentalEA,
  title={Environmental enrichment and development of cage stereotypy in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica).},
  author={C. Meehan and Joseph P. Garner and Joy A. Mench},
  journal={Developmental psychobiology},
  year={2004},
  volume={44 4},
  pages={
          209-18
        }
}
Stereotypies are abnormal repetitive behaviors that often develop in animals housed in impoverished environments. [...] Key Result Unenriched parrots developed significantly more stereotypy than enriched parrots, and the mean time to stereotypy onset and the rate and magnitude of stereotypy increase also differed between the two groups. We then provided enrichment to the birds that had been reared in the barren cages. Following a 4-week delay, stereotypy was significantly reduced. These results show that…Expand
Cage-induced stereotypies, perseveration and the effects of environmental enrichment in laboratory mice
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Abstract Spontaneous and persistent stereotypies exhibited by deer mice appear to be prevented by post-weaning rearing in a larger, more complex environment. We sought to determine: (1) if exposureExpand
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The data suggest a role for escape motivation in the development of starling stereotypies and additionally that route-tracing and somersaulting may represent alternative outlets for thwarted escape. Expand
Genetic, environmental, and neighbor effects on the severity of stereotypies and feather picking in Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica): An epidemiological study
Abstract Stereotypies and psychogenic feather picking represent two distinct forms of abnormal behavior in parrots, with implications for welfare and owner relinquishment. While both behaviors areExpand
Isosexual pair housing improves the welfare of young Amazon parrots
It has been suggested that isolation from conspecifics may contribute to the development of abnormal behaviors that are common in captive parrots, including stereotypy, feather plucking, excessiveExpand
ndividual differences in stereotypic behaviour predict individual ifferences in the nature and degree of enrichment use in caged merican mink amie
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Individual differences in stereotypic behaviour predict individual differences in the nature and degree of enrichment use in caged American mink
Abstract Environmental enrichment (EE) reduces stereotypic behaviour (SB), but typically only partially. Using American mink ( n =17) as models, we tested the hypotheses that the effectiveness of EEExpand
Effects of spatial and social restrictions on the presence of stereotypies in the budgerigar (Melopsittacus undulatus): a pilot study
TLDR
It is suggested that limited social and spatial opportunities influence the presence of stereotyped behaviours, as well as the normal activity of Melopsittacus undulatus, and cause a potential decrease of their life quality. Expand
Preferences of Orange-winged Amazon parrots (Amazona amazonica) for cage enrichment devices.
Abstract Cage enrichment devices (ED), frequently termed cage "toys," are often provided to captive parrots as a means of promoting a behaviorally stimulating environment, but it is not clear whetherExpand
Environmentally enriching American mink (Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour
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Long-term housing with preferred enrichments not only reduced SB and FCM, but also induced anatomical changes consistent with better cell-mediated immunity and reduced developmental stress. Expand
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