Environmental effects of aluminium

  title={Environmental effects of aluminium},
  author={Bj{\o}rn Olav Rosseland and Toril Drabl{\o}s Eldhuset and Magne Staurnes},
  journal={Environmental Geochemistry and Health},
Aluminium (Al), when present in high concentrations, has for long been recognised as a toxic agent to aquatic freshwater organisms,i.e. downstream industrial point sources of Al-rich process water. Today the environmental effects of aluminium are mainly a result of acidic precipitation; acidification of catchments leads to increased Al- concentrations in soil solution and freshwaters. Large parts of both the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems are affected.In the aquatic environment, aluminium… 

Effects of Aluminium Contamination on the Nervous System of Freshwater Aquatic Vertebrates: A Review

This review compiles scientific data on the neurotoxicity of aluminium contamination on the nervous system of aquatic organisms and helps identify biomarkers of aluminium exposure for aquatic environment biomonitoring in freshwater aquatic vertebrates.

Ionic aluminium concentrations exceed thresholds for aquatic health in Nova Scotian rivers, even during conditions of high dissolved organic carbon and low flow

Abstract. Acid deposition released large amounts of aluminium into streams and lakes during the last century in northern Europe and eastern North America. Elevated aluminium concentrations caused

Status and future concerns of clinical and environmental aluminum toxicology.

Recent reports clearly show that Al accumulation occurs in the tissues of workers with long-term occupational exposure to Al dusts or fumes, and also indicate that such exposure may cause subtle neurological effects.

Aluminium sulfate exposure: A set of effects on hydrolases from brain, muscle and digestive tract of juvenile Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus).

The Bioavailability and Toxicity of Aluminum in Aquatic Environments

In this article we review the biological effects of Al, primarily with respect to the chemical factors controlling Al bioavailability and toxicity, and how its biological effects are best predicted.

Aluminium Induced DNA-damage and Oxidative Stress in Cultures of the Marine Sponge Hymeniacidon perlevis

Aluminium-induced DNA damage using the comet assay and reactive oxygen Species (ROS) formation using 2’, 7’-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (H2DCF-DA) assay as biomarkers of genotoxicity and oxidative stress in the inter-tidal marine sponge Hymeniacidon perlevis are presented for the first time.



Effect of aluminium speciation on fish in dilute acidified waters

Acidification of lakes and streams is a serious water quality problem in high elevation granitic ecosystems in the northeastern US1–3. An important consequence of acidification is the mobilisation of

Acid water and aluminium exposure: gill lesions and aluminium accumulation in farmed brown trout, Salmo trutta L.

The chloride cell hyperplasia together with a relatively low aluminium accumulation is considered to reflect a long-term exposure effect and may explain the difference in the gill pathology of farmed fish from acidified areas.

Aluminum toxicity to fish in acidic waters

The simultaneous increase in Al concentration with elevated acidity must be considered to accurately assess the potential effect of acidification of surface waters on survival of fish populations.

Interference of aluminium and pH on the Na-influx in an aquatic insectCorixa punctata (IIIig.)

Some investigations concerning the impact of acid precipitation on aquatic biota, assess possible toxic effects of aluminium in relation to low pH. But those studies mainly refer to the survival of

Acidic Precipitation and Its Consequences for Aquatic Ecosystems: A Review

Abstract Precipitation in Europe and eastern North America has become acidic, a result of increases in sulfuric and nitric acid aerosols produced by fossil-fuel combustion, metal smelting, and

Acid water and aluminium exposure: experimentally induced gill lesions in brown trout, Salmo trutta L.

Brown trout gills were examined after exposure to different aluminium concentrations at pH 5.5 and 7.0 for up to 6 weeks to study the effects of aluminium on the gills and the gill structure changed in all groups, including the control group.

Heavy metals in lamb liver: Contribution from atmospheric fallout

The present study was carried out in order to see if similar regional differences were detectable in the heavy metal load of domestic animals grazing on natural pasture land in different parts of Norway.

Aluminum in the Environment and Human Health

It is concluded that absorption and retention or accumulation of Al in humans occurs at lower levels of intake than had been assumed formerly, and levels of 5 to 50 times the normal daily intake do not appear to interfere with other metabolic processes.