Environmental context-dependent eyewitness recognition

@article{Smith1992EnvironmentalCE,
  title={Environmental context-dependent eyewitness recognition},
  author={Steven M. Smith and Edward Vela},
  journal={Applied Cognitive Psychology},
  year={1992},
  volume={6},
  pages={125-139}
}
The present study helped resolve the apparent conflict between many laboratory list-learning studies, which have not found environmental context-dependent recognition memory, and staged field studies (e.g. Malpass and Devine, 1981), whose results with 'guided memory' techniques suggest that eyewitness face recognition should depend upon environmental context reinstatement. It was found in two different experiments that, relative to testing in a new place, returning participants to the… Expand
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Abstract The present study explored which theory can best explain local environmental context-dependent recognition. One type of theory (encoding specificity principle) posits that recognitionExpand
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Both age groups benefited from context reinstatement in item recognition, although older adults were significantly worse than young adults at identifying original pairings and at discriminating between original and switched pairings. Expand
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  • 2008
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The results show that subjective feelings of recollection play a role in the effects of environmental context but are likely based more on a sense of familiarity that is evoked by the context than on explicit associations between targets and their study context. Expand
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It is concluded that context reinstatement does affect automatic retrieval, and effects of context manipulations on indirect measures of memory for aware and unaware participants are examined. Expand
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