Environmental context-dependent eyewitness recognition

  title={Environmental context-dependent eyewitness recognition},
  author={Steven M. Smith and Edward Vela},
  journal={Applied Cognitive Psychology},
The present study helped resolve the apparent conflict between many laboratory list-learning studies, which have not found environmental context-dependent recognition memory, and staged field studies (e.g. Malpass and Devine, 1981), whose results with 'guided memory' techniques suggest that eyewitness face recognition should depend upon environmental context reinstatement. It was found in two different experiments that, relative to testing in a new place, returning participants to the… Expand
The effects of the cognitive interview and other methods of context reinstatement on identification
Abstract Can reinstatement of encoding context aid eyewitness identification? Two experiments are reported in which participants were asked to identify, from both a Blank and a Filled lineup, aExpand
Context-dependent Recognition Memory
Context-dependent Recognition Memory. (April 2010) Shaan Syed Shahabuddin Department of Psychology Texas A&M University Research Advisor: Dr. Steven M. Smith Department of Psychology It is aExpand
Effects of study time and meaningfulness on environmental context-dependent recognition
Whether the size of place-context-dependent recognition decreased with study time and with the meaningfulness of the to-be-remembered materials is examined and results are explained well by an outshining account. Expand
Positive and negative effects of physical context reinstatement on eyewitness recall and identification
The impact of context reinstatement (CR) on eyewitness recall and identification was explored in this study. Participants viewed a video of a staged theft and, following a 1-week interval, were askedExpand
A global activation approach to the effect of changes in environmental context on recognition.
A number of prior studies have not found declines in recognition performance when testing occurs in an environmental context that is different from the learning context. These findings raise seriousExpand
Influences of context load and sensibleness of background photographs on local environmental context-dependent recognition
Abstract The present study explored which theory can best explain local environmental context-dependent recognition. One type of theory (encoding specificity principle) posits that recognitionExpand
A benefit of context reinstatement to recognition memory in aging: the role of familiarity processes
Both age groups benefited from context reinstatement in item recognition, although older adults were significantly worse than young adults at identifying original pairings and at discriminating between original and switched pairings. Expand
The effects of environmental context on recognition memory and claims of remembering.
  • W. Hockley
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2008
The results show that subjective feelings of recollection play a role in the effects of environmental context but are likely based more on a sense of familiarity that is evoked by the context than on explicit associations between targets and their study context. Expand
Context Specificity of Automatic Influences of Memory
It is concluded that context reinstatement does affect automatic retrieval, and effects of context manipulations on indirect measures of memory for aware and unaware participants are examined. Expand
Eyewitness memory for arousing events: putting things into context
If attention is focused on central details at high levels of arousal, memory for peripheral details should be diminished (Easterbrook, 1959). If this is the case, contextual reinstatement (CR)Expand


Remembering In and Out of Context
Three experiments examined the incidental associations between list-learning material and the environmental context of that list's presentation. The environmental reinstatement effect is thatExpand
Effects of Context Cues on Eyewitness Identification Responses1
People's memory of events is often improved when there is some similarity between the conditions attending the original incident and the conditions present at the time of memory search. These contextExpand
Environmental context and human memory
Five experiments examined the effects of environmental context on recall and recognition. In Experiment 1, variability of input environments produced higher free recall performance than unchangedExpand
Changing environmental context does not reliably affect memory
Eight experiments are reported that in aggregate challenge the reliability of the same-context advantage, which proposes that context, defined here as the time and place at which an event was experienced, forms an integral feature of the mnemonic representation of events. Expand
Recognition and environmental context: The effect of testing by phone
Many experiments have shown that recognition memory is relatively unaffected by changes in environmental testing context. In the experiment reported in this paper, subjects studied a list of words inExpand
Eyewitness memory enhancement in the police interview: cognitive retrieval mnemonics versus hypnosis.
Both the cognitive and hypnosis procedures elicited a significantly greater number of correct items of information from the subjects than did the standard interview, and this result was most pronounced for crime scenarios in which the density of events was high. Expand
Environmental context-dependent recognition memory using a short-term memory task for input
The results suggest that type of processing during input is a predictor of context-dependent recognition; material studied for a long-term memory test is not susceptible to background context effects, whereas material merely maintained for a short-termMemory test is more apt to lead to EC- dependent recognition. Expand
A comparison of two techniques for reducing context-dependent forgetting
The results suggest that both EC-recall instructions and multiple learning contexts induce subjects to use contextual retrieval cues that are otherwise not spontaneously utilized, and that the greater the number of context cues stored in memory, the less accessible those cues become. Expand
When does context influence recognition memory
Hewitt (1977) has distinguished intrinsic context, which is directly involved in the encoding of material and extrinsic context comprising such arbitrary features of the learning situation asExpand
Perceptual enhancement: persistent effects of an experience.
  • L. Jacoby
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1983
It is concluded that both perceptual and memory tasks rely on the retrieval of memory for whole prior processing episodes but can differ in terms of the number and nature of retrieval cues that they provide. Expand