Environmental chemistry of phosphonates.

@article{Nowack2003EnvironmentalCO,
  title={Environmental chemistry of phosphonates.},
  author={Bernd Nowack},
  journal={Water research},
  year={2003},
  volume={37 11},
  pages={2533-46}
}
Phosphonates are anthropogenic complexing agents containing one or more C-PO(OH)(2) groups. They are used in numerous technical and industrial applications as chelating agents and scale inhibitors. Phosphonates have properties that differentiate them from other chelating agents and that greatly affect their environmental behavior. Phosphonates have a very strong interaction with surfaces, which results in a significant removal in technical and natural systems. Due to this strong adsorption… CONTINUE READING
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