Environmental causes of violence

@article{Carpenter2010EnvironmentalCO,
  title={Environmental causes of violence},
  author={D. Carpenter and R. Nevin},
  journal={Physiology \& Behavior},
  year={2010},
  volume={99},
  pages={260-268}
}
Violent and anti-social behavior is usually attributed to social factors, including poverty, poor education, and family instability. There is also evidence that many forms of violent behavior are more frequent in individuals of lower IQ. The role of exposure to environmental contaminants has received little attention as a factor predisposing to violent behavior. However a number of environmental exposures are documented to result in a common pattern of neurobehavioral effects, including lowered… Expand
Lead Poisoning and Related Antisocial behaviors in Urban Environments : A Review
Lead is one of the most common toxic metals in our inner city environments. It is found almost in all aspects of urban environment and in biological systems including human. It affects nearly everyExpand
Varieties of violent behavior
There is an implicit assumption of homogeneity across violent behaviors and offenders in the criminology literature. Arguing against this assumption, I draw on three distinct literatures [child abuseExpand
Infection during childhood and the risk of violent criminal behavior in adulthood
TLDR
Results suggest that infections during brain development could be part of the genesis of violent criminal behavior. Expand
Exploring Community Levels of Lead (Pb) and Youth Violence
ABSTRACT An emergent body of literature has documented a relationship between the lead (Pb) pollution (a structural form of violence) and crime (including interpersonal forms of violence) at theExpand
Educational achievement and youth homicide mortality: a City-wide, neighborhood-based analysis
TLDR
Higher educational achievement predicts reduced homicide mortality among Baltimore youth and appears to mediate effects of familial poverty on homicide mortality as well, which converges with literature highlighting the importance of education as a determinant of social capital and violence. Expand
The Link between Poverty, the Proliferation of Violence and the Development of Traumatic Stress among Urban Youth in the United States to School Violence: A Trauma Informed, Social Justice Approach to School Violence.
This paper presents two premises regarding school violence in urban America. First, that traumatic stress among urban youth in the United States is a key factor in the development and exacerbation ofExpand
Nutrition, neurotoxicants & aggressive behaviour
Nutrition, neurotoxicants and aggressive behaviour Antisocial behaviour, such as violence, is explained not only by the social environment, as was long believed. Also nutrients and neurotoxicantsExpand
Further analysis of the relationship between atmospheric lead emissions and aggressive crime: an ecological study
TLDR
The strong positive relationship between childhood lead exposure and subsequent rates of aggressive crime has important implications for public health globally. Expand
The relationship between atmospheric lead emissions and aggressive crime: an ecological study
TLDR
The strong positive relationship between childhood lead exposure and subsequent rates of aggressive crime has important implications for public health globally. Expand
4 lead PoisoninG
For the past three decades it has been known that considerable numbers of South African children have blood lead levels that exceed international guidelines. The health effects associated with evenExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 82 REFERENCES
Mechanisms in the cycle of violence.
TLDR
Results from a prospective study of a representative sample of 309 children indicated that physical abuse is indeed a risk factor for later aggressive behavior even when the other ecological and biological factors are known. Expand
How lead exposure relates to temporal changes in IQ, violent crime, and unwed pregnancy.
  • R. Nevin
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Environmental research
  • 2000
TLDR
It is demonstrated that widespread exposure to lead is likely to have profound implications for a wide array of socially undesirable outcomes, including violent crime and unwed pregnancy. Expand
Violence and minority youth: the effects of risk and asset factors on fighting among African American children and adolescents.
TLDR
Results show that poor grades, parental abuse, and gang affiliation were significant risk factors associated with higher frequency of fighting, and parental monitoring and being happy at school were associated with lower frequency ofFighting. Expand
IQ as a protective factor for subjects at high risk for antisocial behavior.
Early exposure to lead and juvenile delinquency.
TLDR
Both prenatal and postnatal exposure to Pb were associated with reported antisocial acts and may play a measurable role in the epigenesis of behavioral problems independent of the other social and biomedical cofactors assessed in this study. Expand
Genetic influences on the overlap between low IQ and antisocial behavior in young children.
TLDR
Genetic influences common to both phenotypes explained 100% of the low IQ-antisocial behavior relation in boys and specific candidate genes and neurobiological processes should be tested in relation to both Phenotypes. Expand
Association of Prenatal and Childhood Blood Lead Concentrations with Criminal Arrests in Early Adulthood
TLDR
Prenatal and postnatal blood lead concentrations are associated with higher rates of total arrests and/or arrests for offenses involving violence, the first prospective study to demonstrate an association between developmental exposure to lead and adult criminal behavior. Expand
Understanding international crime trends: the legacy of preschool lead exposure.
  • R. Nevin
  • Political Science, Medicine
  • Environmental research
  • 2007
TLDR
Regression analysis of average 1985-1994 murder rates across USA cities suggests that murder could be especially associated with more severe cases of childhood lead poisoning, and the impact of blood lead is also evident in age-specific arrest and incarceration trends. Expand
Bone lead levels in adjudicated delinquents. A case control study.
TLDR
Elevated body lead burdens, measured by bone lead concentrations, are associated with elevated risk for adjudicated delinquency. Expand
Prenatal tobacco smoke and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure and child neurodevelopment
TLDR
Prenatal tobacco and postnatal secondhand smoke exposure is consistently associated with problems in multiple domains of children's neurodevelopment and behavior, including irritability, oppositional defiant behavior, conduct disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...