Environmental cadmium exposure, adverse effects and preventive measures in Japan

@article{Nogawa2004EnvironmentalCE,
  title={Environmental cadmium exposure, adverse effects and preventive measures in Japan},
  author={Kōji Nogawa and Etsuko Kobayashi and Yasushi Okubo and Yasushi Suwazono},
  journal={Biometals},
  year={2004},
  volume={17},
  pages={581-587}
}
In Japan the most heavily cadmium (Cd)-polluted region is the Jinzu river basin, where Itai-itai disease is endemic and the Kakehashi river basin is the second most polluted region.. The village average Cd concentrations in rice were distributed in the range between 0.02 μg/g and 1.06 μg/g in the Jinzu river basin and 0.11 μg g and 0.67 μg g in the Kakehashi river basin. Severe renal damage has occurred widely in the Jinzu river basin. Even after Cd exposure had ceased, renal dysfunction became… Expand
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