Environmental assessment of passenger transportation should include infrastructure and supply chains

@article{Chester2009EnvironmentalAO,
  title={Environmental assessment of passenger transportation should include infrastructure and supply chains},
  author={Mikhail V. Chester and Arpad Horvath},
  journal={Environmental Research Letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={4},
  pages={024008}
}
To appropriately mitigate environmental impacts from transportation, it is necessary for decision makers to consider the life-cycle energy use and emissions. Most current decision-making relies on analysis at the tailpipe, ignoring vehicle production, infrastructure provision, and fuel production required for support. We present results of a comprehensive life-cycle energy, greenhouse gas emissions, and selected criteria air pollutant emissions inventory for automobiles, buses, trains, and… 

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