Environmental and health impacts of ‘fracking’: why epidemiological studies are necessary

@article{Finkel2015EnvironmentalAH,
  title={Environmental and health impacts of ‘fracking’: why epidemiological studies are necessary},
  author={Madelon Lubin Finkel and Jake Hays},
  journal={Journal of Epidemiology \& Community Health},
  year={2015},
  volume={70},
  pages={221 - 222}
}
  • M. Finkel, J. Hays
  • Published 7 August 2015
  • Medicine
  • Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Wells have blowouts, spills are common, and methane is leaked and vented into the atmosphere at all stages of the extraction process. By far, one of the most critical issues is the management (storage, treatment and disposal) of water produced in the gas or oil extraction process. The flowback water contains thousands of gallons of toxic chemicals, the vast majority of which are not identified. Moreover, an undetermined number of the chemical compounds used in the drilling and fracturing… Expand
The Impact of Oil and Gas Extraction on Infant Health
The benefits and costs of resource extraction are currently being hotly debated in the case of shale gas development (commonly known as "fracking"). Colorado provides a unique research environmentExpand
Impact of upstream oil extraction and environmental public health: A review of the evidence.
TLDR
This review assesses the wide range of both direct and indirect impacts that oil drilling operations can have on human health, with specific emphasis on understanding the body of scientific literature to assess potential environmental and health risks to residents living near active onshore oil extraction sites. Expand
Does Shale Gas Development Impact Infant Health through Drinking Water?∗
Widespread hydraulic fracturing of shale formations has yielded a range of economic and environmental benefits. There are, however, various costs associated with shale gas development (SGD) thatExpand
Toward an Understanding of the Environmental and Public Health Impacts of Unconventional Natural Gas Development: A Categorical Assessment of the Peer-Reviewed Scientific Literature, 2009-2015
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the weight of the findings in the scientific literature indicates hazards and elevated risks to human health as well as possible adverse health outcomes associated with UNGD. Expand
Emissions of volatile organic compounds from crude oil processing - Global emission inventory and environmental release.
TLDR
A critical analysis of the overall scale of global emissions of VOCs from all stages of oil processing based on data reported in the literature is provided to highlight the necessity of implementing control measures to regulate crude oil volatile emissions (CVEs) in primary steps of extraction-to-refinery pathways of crude oil processing. Expand
Petro-riskscapes and environmental distress in West Texas: Community perceptions of environmental degradation, threats, and loss.
TLDR
Increased environmental distress in response to UOGD-related environmental degradation among Texans is indicated and the importance of considering susceptible sub-groups is highlighted. Expand
Hydraulic Fracturing and Cause-Specific Mortality: A Multicity Comparative Epidemiological Study
Hydraulic Fracturing and Cause-Specific Mortality: A Multicity Comparative Epidemiological Study by Uzoma C. Nduka SQIL Certificate, Harvard Medical School, 2016 MSHS, The George WashingtonExpand
Health risk perception and shale development in the UK and US
In this paper, we examine discourse in public deliberations in pre-development locales in the UK and US about advantages and disadvantages of future shale development (‘fracking’). We aimed toExpand
Can Natural Gas Save Lives? Evidence from the Deployment of a Fuel Delivery System in a Developing Country
TLDR
The results indicate that the expansion of natural gas has caused significant reductions in mortality among both adults and the elderly in Turkey, and shows that the mortality gains are primarily driven by reductions in cardio-respiratory deaths, which are more likely to be due to conditions caused or exacerbated by air pollution. Expand
Unconventional natural gas development and hospitalizations: evidence from Pennsylvania, United States, 2003-2014.
TLDR
The study shows that long-term exposure to unconventional gas development may have an impact on prevalence of hospitalizations for certain diseases in the affected populations and identifies areas of future research on unconventionalGas development and health. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-6 OF 6 REFERENCES
Natural Gas Operations from a Public Health Perspective
ABSTRACT The technology to recover natural gas depends on undisclosed types and amounts of toxic chemicals. A list of 944 products containing 632 chemicals used during natural gas operations wasExpand
Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development
TLDR
There is a need for more epidemiological studies to assess associations between risk factors, such as air and water pollution, and health outcomes among populations living in close proximity to shale gas operations, and data gaps persist. Expand
Noble gases identify the mechanisms of fugitive gas contamination in drinking-water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales
TLDR
Using noble gas and hydrocarbon tracers, this work identifies eight discrete clusters of fugitive gas contamination in eight clusters of domestic water wells overlying the Marcellus and Barnett Shales, including declining water quality through time over the Barnett. Expand
Human health risk assessment of air emissions from development of unconventional natural gas resources.
TLDR
Preliminary results indicate that health effects resulting from air emissions during unconventional NGD warrant further study and risk management approaches should focus on reducing exposures to emissions during well completions. Expand
A Public Health Review of High Volume Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Gas Development
    PSE Study Citation Database on Shale Gas and Tight Oil Development