Environmental and Occupational Health Impact of Bauxite Mining in Malaysia: A Review

  title={Environmental and Occupational Health Impact of Bauxite Mining in Malaysia: A Review},
  author={Lee Ky and H. Ly and Tan Kh and Tham Yy and Ling Sp and A. Qureshi and T. Ponnudurai and R. Nordin},
In the perspective of recent bauxite mining in Malaysia, this review aims to identify the potential environmental and health impacts on miners and surrounding communities. The environmental issues of bauxite mining include, air, water and soil pollution due to bauxite dust; leaching of bauxite into water sources resulting in reduced soil fertility as well as affecting agricultural food products and aquatic life. Bauxite occupational exposure affects the health of miners, and has negative… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Impact of Bauxite Mining on Quality of Life: An Analysis of Road Users
Mining activities are often associated with various adverse effects. Until now, most research focuses on the environmental, occupational, and health impacts of mining activities. However, existingExpand
Characteristics of mining spoiled and oil drilling sites and adverse impacts of these activities on the environment and human health
Abstract Mining is an important activity to extract valuable minerals from the earth. The activities include prospecting, operation, construction, maintenance, transportation, expansion, processing,Expand
A Review on Lead Sources, Occurrences, Health Effects, and Treatment Using Hydroxyapatite (HAp) Adsorbent Made from Fish Waste
The issues of heavy metal contamination in water sources have been increasing substantially along with the rapid pace of industrial revolution. Lead, particularly, is one of the heavy metals thatExpand
The mining industry plays an important role in the economic development of Malaysia. However, uncontrolled mining activities have caused serious environmental impacts. Recently, bauxite mining inExpand
Identification of Polluted Sites in Four Major Rivers in Kuantan, Malaysia based on Water Chemistry Estimates of Aquatic Microbial Activity
Kuantan in Pahang, Malaysia has experienced rapid development and environmental degradation over the past decade following the implementation of The National Physical Plan 2005. To assess waterExpand
The Influence of Meteorological Variables on Air Pollutants Improvement using Hibiscus Cannabinus L. Kenaf Filter
Bauxite mining activities has led to serious consequences towards humans and environment in term of water pollution, air pollution and has extensively damaged the ecosystem of aquatic life. ThisExpand
Narrowing the gap between local standards and global best practices in bauxite mining: A case study in Malaysia
Abstract In mining the concept of sustainable development often encounters a paradoxical meaning as numerous mines in the past have closed due to exhausted amounts of ores. Despite the paradox,Expand
Ecological and sustainable smart nanotextile
Abstract Smart nanotextiles are an enabler for a variety of technological advances—industry 4.0, the Internet of things or a more sustainable fashion industry, for instance. The market forExpand
Investigating extraterrestrial bodies as a source of critical minerals for renewable energy technology
Abstract The Paris Agreement set a goal of limiting the Earth’s average temperature increase in order to reduce the threat of climate change. Fundamental to achieving this goal will be a large globalExpand
Material circularity and the role of the chemical sciences as a key enabler of a sustainable post-trash age
Three examples, involving aluminium, plastics and textiles, explored using the systems-oriented concept map extension (SOCME) tool, illustrate the complexity of problems and need for integration of chemistry-based solutions into achieving a post-trash approach to sustainability. Expand


Impact of Bauxite Mining on Soil: A Case Study of Bauxite Mines at Udgiri, Dist-Kolhapur, Maharashtra State, India
Bauxite mining being an impermanent activity, at most times, leaves long term negative impact on the environment. The study area i.e. two bauxite mines at village Udgiri, Dist-Kolhapur, forms a partExpand
Potential Health Impacts of Bauxite Mining in Kuantan.
All responsible agencies should focus on a wider aspect of health determinants rather than merely on the occurrence of diseases to act and the need to emphasize on sustainable mining to ensure health of people is not compromised. Expand
Chapter 1 Sources and origins of heavy metals
Publisher Summary This chapter provides a general introduction into the different heavy metal sources such as magmatic, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks, weathering and soil formation, the rockExpand
Particulates from mining operations: A review of sources, effects and regulations
Abstract This paper presents an overview of issues relevant to particulates production and emission within the mineral industries. It summarises the basic definitions and classifications ofExpand
Longitudinal analysis of respiratory outcomes among bauxite exposed workers in Western Australia.
Increasing exposure to bauxite dust in the aluminum industry was not associated with respiratory symptoms or consistent decrements in lung function. Expand
Heavy Metals in Contaminated Soils: A Review of Sources, Chemistry, Risks and Best Available Strategies for Remediation
The principles, advantages and disadvantages of immobilization, soil washing and phytoremediation techniques which are frequently listed among the best demonstrated available technologies for cleaning up heavy metal contaminated sites are presented. Expand
Ecological risk assessment of heavy metals in sediment and human health risk assessment of heavy metals in fishes in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River basin.
Investigation of the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in China found that heavy metals may be mainly derived from metal processing, electroplating industries, industrial wastewater, and domestic sewage, and Hg may also originate from coal combustion. Expand
Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Vegetable Species Planted in Contaminated Soils and the Health Risk Assessment
In Shizhuyuan area, China, the total THQ values of adults and children through consumption of vegetables were 4.12 and 5.41, respectively, suggesting that the residents may be facing health risks due to vegetable consumption, and that children were vulnerable to the adverse effects of heavy metal ingestion. Expand
Environmental exposure to cadmium and risk of cancer: a prospective population-based study.
Overall cancer risk was significantly associated with a doubling of 24-h cadmium excretion, and historical pollution from non-ferrous smelters continues to present a serious health hazard, necessitating targeted preventive measures. Expand
Relationships between alumina and bauxite dust exposure and cancer, respiratory and circulatory disease
Preliminary findings suggest that cumulative inhalable bauxite exposure may be associated with an excess risk of death from non-malignant respiratory disease and that Cumulative inhalable alumina dust exposure appears to increase the risk of incident cancers. Expand