Environmental Sporting

  title={Environmental Sporting},
  author={Spencer Wood Schaffner},
  journal={Journal of Sport \& Social Issues},
  pages={206 - 229}
  • S. Schaffner
  • Published 1 August 2009
  • Environmental Science
  • Journal of Sport & Social Issues
This article describes birding as an example of what I call environmental sporting, an ostensibly green category of sport that relies on both environmental protection and degradation. Three competitive forms of birding are explored in relation to three toxic sites: the birding event called the World Series of Birding and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Superfund sites, big-year birding and landfills, and the competitive practice of listing and sewage ponds. At each site and in each… 
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