Environmental Sociology and the Explanation of Environmental Reform

  title={Environmental Sociology and the Explanation of Environmental Reform},
  author={Frederick H. Buttel},
  journal={Organization \& Environment},
  pages={306 - 344}
  • F. Buttel
  • Published 1 September 2003
  • Sociology
  • Organization & Environment
This article makes the case that environmental sociology is in the midst of a significant shift of problematics, from the explanation of environmental degradation to the explanation of environmental reform. In this article, the author suggests that there are four basic mechanisms of environmental reform or improvement: environmental activism/movements, state environmental regulation, ecological modernization, and international environmental governance. He suggests further that although `green… 
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