Environmental Policy and Party Divergence in Congress

@article{Shipan2001EnvironmentalPA,
  title={Environmental Policy and Party Divergence in Congress},
  author={Charles R. Shipan and William R. Lowry},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  year={2001},
  volume={54},
  pages={245 - 263}
}
The question of whether parties converge or diverge over time has attracted a great deal of theoretical and empirical attention. In this article we make two contributions to this literature. First, rather than looking at general measures of ideology, we examine a specific policy area-environmental policy to see whether the parties have diverged or converged. We utilize ratings produced by the League of Conservation Voters to obtain measures of congressional voting. Unlike other issue-specific… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Party Differentiation in Congress
At times, the American political parties are so close in terms of policy positions that critics denounce the lack of a “dime's worth of difference” between them. At other times, the gap between themExpand
Party Polarization: Congressional Divergence on Environmental Policy from 1970–2008
Abstract We investigate empirically the importance of a conjectured linkage between economic conditions and increasing party divergence with respect to national-level environmental policy in the US.Expand
The Polarization of American Environmental Policy: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis of Senate and House Votes, 1971–2013
The partisan polarization of environmental policy is an important development in American politics, but it remains unclear how much such polarization reflects voter preferences, as opposed toExpand
Top-Down Divergence
Although the traditional Hotelling—Downs—Black (Hotelling, 1929; Downs, 1957; Black, 1958) spatial model of voting predicts candidate convergence, several empirical studies show that convergence inExpand
Coordination and Party Change in the United States
The ability of American political parties to change issue positions is potentially hindered by problems of coordination. Research on parties since the 1990s has shown what tools party leadership canExpand
Friends of the Earth? Partisanship, Party Control of Congress, and Environmental Legislation in Congress
Broad, bipartisan support for environmental protection in the 1960s eroded in subsequent decades as environmental issues became more polarized, particularly along party lines with Democrats lendingExpand
Climate Change Acceptors in the Republican Party: A Model of the Determinants of Party Defection
Political polarization is widespread and well documented in Congress, and has been growing throughout the past two decades. This large divide is highly evident on climate change issues specifically,Expand
Macroeconomic conditions in the U.S. and congressional voting on environmental policy: 1970-2008
Using the Environmental Scorecard ratings of Congressmen and Senators published annually by the League of Conservation Voters, we explore empirically whether political support for pro-environmentExpand
Policy Domain-Specific Ideology: When Interest Group Scores Offer More Insight
Scholars have long argued over the dimensionality of legislative voting. Using scores from ten groups, this research note shows that analysis of even basically unidimensional voting can benefit fromExpand
Elections and Policy Responsiveness: Evidence from Environmental Voting in the U.S. Congress
Do elections affect legislators' voting patterns? We investigate this question in the context of environmental policy in the US Congress. We theorize that since the general public is generally inExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 43 REFERENCES
Party Differentiation in Congress
At times, the American political parties are so close in terms of policy positions that critics denounce the lack of a “dime's worth of difference” between them. At other times, the gap between themExpand
Estimating Party Influence in Congressional Roll-Call Voting
This article develops and implements a simple procedure to estimate the extent to which party influences roll-call voting in the U.S. Congress. We find strong evidence of party influence in both theExpand
Parties and leaders in the postreform house
Since the Second World War, congressional parties have been characterized as declining in strength and influence. Research has generally attributed this decline to policy conflicts within parties, toExpand
Abortion: Evidence of an Issue Evolution
Theory: Using Carmines and Stimson's issue evolution model of partisan change, I argue that the abortion issue has transformed the two major United States political parties and that this processExpand
The Polarization of American Politics
Elected officials in the United States appear to represent relatively extreme support coalitions rather than the interests of middle-of-the-road voters. This contention is supported by analysis ofExpand
Deference, Extremism, and Interest Group Ratings
A clearer understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of measures of legislative preferences is essential for resolving substantive disputes about the composition of standing committees inExpand
PARTISANSHIP, IDEOLOGY, AND CONSTITUENCY DIFFERENCES ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES IN THE U.S. HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES: 1973–78
Three cross-sectional data sets for the U.S. House of Representatives are analyzed for 1973 to 1978. The conclusions are: (1) Political support for environmental legislation has remained stable andExpand
The Unidimensional Congress Is Not the Result of Selective Gatekeeping
Dimensional scaling of congressional voting, somewhat in eclipse since Duncan MacRae's (1958) seminal Dimensions of Congressional Voting, has been reborn in the past decade. First, Keith Poole (1981,Expand
Comparing Interest Group Scores across Time and Chambers: Adjusted ADA Scores for the U.S. Congress
Interest group ratings are widely used in studies of legislative behavior. Since the set of votes used is not constant over time and across chambers, the scales underlying the scores can shift andExpand
Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting
In this wide-ranging study, the authors use 200 years of congressional roll call voting as a framework for an interpretation of important episodes in American political and economic history. ByExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...