Environmental Impact of Chemical Deicers – A Review

@article{Ramakrishna2005EnvironmentalIO,
  title={Environmental Impact of Chemical Deicers – A Review},
  author={Devikarani M. Ramakrishna and Thiruvenkatachari Viraraghavan},
  journal={Water, Air, and Soil Pollution},
  year={2005},
  volume={166},
  pages={49-63}
}
Increased application of chemical deicers for winter maintenance has resulted in increased concentrations of deicer constituents in the environment. The runoffs from the deicing operation have a deteriorating effect on soil and water quality. But the degree of impact is localized and it depends on various climatic factors and can also be attributed to the type of salts used and their storage conditions. This paper presents a review of the environmental impact of deicing chemicals. 
Evaluating the environmental impact of selected chemical de-icers
TLDR
The results show that the selected chemical de-icers have little chance of severely damaging the environment and ecosystem under a normal dilution scenario, however, attention needs to be paid to small water bodies and sensitive receiving water.
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AbstractDeicing chemicals have been widely used in cold regions to control snow and ice on the surfaces of concrete products. At present, the most widely used deicers are chlorides or acetates. Alt...
Effects of road deicing salts on soil microorganisms
In this study, the effects of road salting on the quality of forest soils near the road were monitored in the Krkonose Mountains (Czech Republic). Physical, chemical properties and microbial
Indicators of soil and snow mass exposed to deicing agents for improving the system of hygienic regulation and pollution control
The potential danger of long-term accumulation of salts and negative impact on the objects of the environment exposed to their influence, dictates the need to prepare the material that will be in
Monitoring of Road Deicers in a Retention Pond
TLDR
Sodium and chloride concentrations were monitored during the winter 2012/2013 in the inlet and outlet waters of a retention pond to investigate the impact of meteorological data and salting operations on the concentrations measured and the implications of encountered concentrations discussed.
Effects of Chemical Deicers on the Growth and Vitality of Lolium perenne L.
TLDR
Application of chemical deicers in winter ensures road safety, but harms the growth and vitality of vegetation along roadsides, resulting in depressing Lolium perenne L.
Effects of Deicing Salts on the Clogging of Stormwater Filter Media and on the Media Chemistry
AbstractStormwater filter media (SFMs) play a vital role in decreasing flooding and preventing urban contaminants from polluting surface and ground waters. The infiltration rate of a SFM is a
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References

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POLLUTION ASPECTS ASSOCIATED WITH CHEMICAL DEICING
CHEMICAL DEICERS MAY RANGE FROM UREA TO ROCK SALT. ABOUT THE ONLY REQUIREMENTS ARE THAT THE SUBSTANCE BE SOLUBLE IN AND LOWER THE FREEZING POINT OF WATER. CHLORIDES ARE DISCUSSED IN APPLICATIONS TO
EFFECTS OF DEICING SALTS ON WATER QUALITY AND BIOTA - LITERATURE REVIEW AND RECOMMENDED RESEARCH
A REVIEW, COMPILATION, AND INTERPRETATION IS PRESENTED OF THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE, WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR NEEDED RESEARCH ON THE EFFECTS OF DEICING SALTS ON WATER SUPPLIES FOR DOMESTIC,
THE USEPA RESEARCH PROGRAM ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND CONTROL OF HIGHWAY DEICING SALT POLLUTION. IN: CHEMICAL DEICERS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
This paper describes the results of various studies in highway deicing salt-impacts characterization and control conducted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) research program on
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Abstract The effect of “road salt” on the characteristics of Massachusetts drinking water supplies has been significant and cumulative rather than transient or seasonal. De-icing salt is essentially
Effect of deicing salts on metal and organic matter mobilization in roadside soils
Roadside soils were sampled from areas that receive heavy traffic and deicing salts. These soils were leached in columns at 6 degrees C with solutions of NaCl, calcium magnesium acetate (CMA), or
Comparative measures of the toxicity of component chemicals in aircraft deicing fluid
TLDR
Investigation of the contributions of environmentally significant concentrations of selected ADF components to the toxicity of ADF-containing waste streams, and to the inhibition of biodegradation of propylene glycol, found that MeBT is the ADF component most toxic to microorganisms.
The Effects of Deicing Salts on Water Chemistry in Pinhook Bog, Indiana.
: A five-year study was conducted to identify the effects of road salt intrusion on the water chemistry of Pinhook Bog following operation of an uncovered salt storage pile adjacent to the bog for
Water Pollution and Associated Effects from Street Saltation
The bare pavement policy has resulted in a great increase in the use of deicing salts. They are more efficient and economical than abrasives. However, there is excessive application leading to
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