Environment polluting conventional chemical control compared to an environmentally friendly IPM approach for control of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), in China: a review.

Abstract

The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, is recognized as a widely distributed destructive insect pest of Brassica worldwide. The management of this pest is a serious issue, and an estimated annual cost of its management has reached approximately US$4 billion. Despite the fact that chemicals are a serious threat to the environment, lots of chemicals are applied for controlling various insect pests especially P. xylostella. An overreliance on chemical control has not only led to the evolution of resistance to insecticides and to a reduction of natural enemies but also has polluted various components of water, air, and soil ecosystem. In the present scenario, there is a need to implement an environmentally friendly integrated pest management (IPM) approach with new management tactics (microbial control, biological control, cultural control, mating disruption, insecticide rotation strategies, and plant resistance) for an alternative to chemical control. The IPM approach is not only economically beneficial but also reduces the environmental and health risks. The present review synthesizes published information on the insecticide resistance against P. xylostella and emphasizes on adopting an alternative environmentally friendly IPM approach for controlling P. xylostella in China.

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-8996-3

Cite this paper

@article{Shakeel2017EnvironmentPC, title={Environment polluting conventional chemical control compared to an environmentally friendly IPM approach for control of diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (L.), in China: a review.}, author={Muhammad Shakeel and Muhammad Farooq and Wajid Nasim and Waseem Akram and Fawad Zafar Ahmad Khan and Waqar Jaleel and Xun Zhu and Haichen Yin and Shuzhong Li and Shah Fahad and Saddam Hussain and Bhagirath S. Chauhan and Fengliang Jin}, journal={Environmental science and pollution research international}, year={2017}, volume={24 17}, pages={14537-14550} }