Environment may be the source of Flavobacterium columnare outbreaks at fish farms.


Flavobacterium columnare, causing columnaris disease, was isolated for the first time from free water and biofilms in the environment outside fish farms. Fourteen isolates were found from Central Finland from a river by a water intake of a salmonid farm and 400 m upstream of the farm. One isolate was from a lake not under the influence of any fish farming… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1758-2229.2012.00342.x



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