Enumerating Sparse Organisms in Ships’ Ballast Water: Why Counting to 10 Is Not So Easy

Abstract

To reduce ballast water-borne aquatic invasions worldwide, the International Maritime Organization and United States Coast Guard have each proposed discharge standards specifying maximum concentrations of living biota that may be released in ships' ballast water (BW), but these regulations still lack guidance for standardized type approval and compliance… (More)
DOI: 10.1021/es102790d

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