Entry regulation and entrepreneurship: a natural experiment in German craftsmanship

  title={Entry regulation and entrepreneurship: a natural experiment in German craftsmanship},
  author={Davud Rostam‐Afschar},
  journal={Empirical Economics},
This paper uses the 2004 amendment to the German Trade and Crafts Code as a natural experiment for assessing the causal effects of this reform on the probabilities of being self-employed and of transition into and out of self-employment. This is achieved by using repeated cross-sections (2002–2009) of German microcensus data. I apply the difference-in-differences technique for three groups of craftsmen which were subject to different intensities of treatment. The results show that the complete… 
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