Entry of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 is augmented by heparin sulfate proteoglycans bearing short heparin-like structures.

@article{Tanaka2012EntryOH,
  title={Entry of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 is augmented by heparin sulfate proteoglycans bearing short heparin-like structures.},
  author={Atsushi Tanaka and Atsushi Jinno-Oue and Nobuaki Shimizu and Ariful Hoque and Takahisa Mori and Salequl Islam and Youko Nakatani and Masahiko Shinagawa and Hitoshi Hoshino},
  journal={Journal of virology},
  year={2012},
  volume={86 6},
  pages={
          2959-69
        }
}
Three molecules have been identified as the main cellular factors required for binding and entry of human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1): glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1), heparan sulfate (HS), and neuropilin 1 (NRP-1). However, the precise mechanism of HTLV-1 cell tropism has yet to be elucidated. Here, we examined the susceptibilities of various human cell lines to HTLV-1 by using vesicular stomatitis virus pseudotypes bearing HTLV-1 envelope proteins. We found that the cellular… CONTINUE READING
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