Entomological time travel: reconstructing the invasion history of the buckeye butterflies (genus Junonia) from Florida, USA

  title={Entomological time travel: reconstructing the invasion history of the buckeye butterflies (genus Junonia) from Florida, USA},
  author={Melanie M. L. Lalonde and Jeffrey M. Marcus},
  journal={Biological Invasions},
Invasion biology examines the process by which non-native species integrate into new habitats. Three species of buckeye butterflies (genus Junonia) currently occur in Florida, USA, including Junonia coenia (polyphagous and widely distributed), J. neildi (monophagous and restricted to coastal areas), and J. zonalis (polyphagous tropical species restricted to frost-free South Florida). Two species have long been resident in Florida, whereas J. zonalis was first detected in Florida in 1981… 

Speciation in North American Junonia from a genomic perspective

A general approach exemplified by American butterflies from the genus Junonia Hübner notorious for the variety of similar phenotypes, ease of hybridization, and the lack of consensus about their classification is proposed, and genomic analysis suggests that J. nigrosuffusa may be a hybrid species formed by the ancestors of J. coenia.

Butterfly Diversity on a Southeast Florida Military Base Located within an Urban Matrix

Article history Received: 30 June 2020 Accepted: 14 July 2020 Published Online: 20 August 2020 South Florida is a renowned ‘hotspot’ for rare and endemic taxa, with insects and plants found in few

How old can we go? Evaluating the age limit for effective DNA recovery from historical insect specimens

A robust, high‐throughput, and low‐cost DNA extraction and genotyping protocol for historical insect specimens employing restriction digests of PCR products followed by high sensitivity electrophoresis is presented.



Genetic population structure of buckeye butterflies (Junonia) from Argentina

This work tried to determine whether two forms of Junonia from Argentina were genetically distinct species or simply colour forms of a single species using morphological characters, mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I DNA barcodes, nuclear wingless locus DNA sequences, and anonymous nuclear Randomly Amplified Fingerprints.

The phylogeographic history of the threatened Diana fritillary, Speyeria diana (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): with implications for conservation

Using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase II DNA sequences from museum and field-sampled specimens, greater mtDNA diversity and more widespread differentiation among eastern populations than western ones are found and the earliest splitting of eastern and western populations is dated at least 20,000 years ago.

Out‐of‐Africa origin and dispersal‐mediated diversification of the butterfly genus Junonia (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae)

It is argued that dispersal is as important as vicariance, if not more, in the global diversification of butterflies.

Getting western: biogeographical analysis of morphological variation, mitochondrial haplotypes and nuclear markers reveals cryptic species and hybrid zones in the Junonia butterflies of the American southwest and Mexico

It is argued that all five Junonia taxa are independent evolutionary lineages, and differences in morphology, life‐history traits, nuclear genotypes and mitochondrial haplotypes suggest that they are a cryptic species pair, thus elevating J. grisea comb.

Molecular Population Structure of Junonia Butterflies from French Guiana, Guadeloupe, and Martinique

It is demonstrated that Caribbean Junonia are genetically distinct from South American J. evarete and J. genoveva, supporting the taxonomic hypothesis that they are heterospecific.

Taxonomy as a hypothesis: testing the status of the Bermuda buckeye butterfly Junonia coenia bergi (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae)

Physical examination of specimens and phylogenetic and population genetic analyses suggest that while J. coenia bergi is smaller in body size than many Junonia and has distinctive ventral hindwing colouration, it does not form a monophyletic lineage and shows indications of continued gene flow with North American mainland J.coenia coenIA populations.

Using museum specimens to assess historical distribution and genetic diversity in an endangered butterfly

It appears that a “mini-metapopulations” currently exists on BHSP and KWNWR; structures that are similar to the historical metapopulation structure and distribution of populations on a larger scale.

Repeated Reticulate Evolution in North American Papilio machaon Group Swallowtail Butterflies

The repetition of hybridization in this group of swallowtail butterflies provides a valuable foundation for future research on hybridization, and emphasizes the potential for hybridization to drive speciation in diverse ways.

The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide

  • J. Scott
  • Environmental Science, Biology
  • 1986
Every species (and many subspecies) of butterfly ever recorded north of Mexico (or in Bermuda or Hawaii) is treated at length and illustrated in color and is indispensable for pursuing a hobby or scientific interest in butterflies.

DNA Barcodes and Insights into the Relationships and Systematics of Buckeye Butterflies (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae: Junonia) from the Americas

DNA barcodes, although failing to resolve all recognized species and subspecies level taxa of New World Junonia, can provide valuable tools for identifying the two major lineages, and when used in conjunction with morphological, ecological, behavioral and life history information can provide insights into the taxonomy and evolution of this difficult group.