Entering the Nuclear Arms Race: The Soviet Decision to Build the Atomic Bomb, 1939-45

  title={Entering the Nuclear Arms Race: The Soviet Decision to Build the Atomic Bomb, 1939-45},
  author={David Holloway},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  pages={159 - 197}
  • D. Holloway
  • Published 1 May 1981
  • Education
  • Social Studies of Science
This paper traces the path from the discovery of nuclear fission in Berlin in December 1938 to the Soviet decision of August 1945 to launch an all-out effort to develop the atomic bomb. There were, properly speaking, three main Soviet decisions during this period. The first was taken in 1940, when senior members of the Academy of Sciences decided not to turn to the government for funds for an expanded programme of research into nuclear fission. The second was taken in 1942, when Stalin, after… 
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ours can contribute very much. Our country will soon have to decide whether to continue to spend $5.5 x lo9 per year for space exploration after our lunar landing. Is it too outrageous to suggest