Enteric Fever

  title={Enteric Fever},
  author={Praveen Kumar and Ruchika Kumar},
  journal={The Indian Journal of Pediatrics},
Enteric fever is an important public-health problem in India. The clinical presentation of typhoid fever is very variable, ranging from fever with little other morbidities to marked toxemia and associated multisystem complications. Fever is present in majority of patients (>90 %) irrespective of their age group. Mortality is higher in younger children. Blood culture remains gold standard for diagnosis. Widal test has low sensitivity and specificity but may be used in second week to support the… 
Travel-Related Typhoid Fever: Narrative Review of the Scientific Literature
More international efforts are needed to reduce the burden of disease in low income countries, indirectly reducing the risk of travelers in endemic settings, and monitor the epidemiology of cases caused by drug-susceptible and resistant strains.
Enteric Cholestatic Hepatitis with Ascites: A Rare Entity.
This is a case report of a 26-year-old male who had presented with fever, jaundice and ascites and was found to have Salmonella typhi on ascitic fluid culture.
Incidence, clinical profile, and risk factors for serious bacterial infections in children hospitalized with fever in Ujjain, India
Evaluating the epidemiological, clinical, hematological, and biochemical risks for SBI among the children admitted with fever in India revealed partially immunized child, breathlessness, weight loss, and suspected urinary tract infection as risk factors for the increased risk of SBI.
Enteric Fever: Diagnostic Dilemma Encountered in Domperidone-Induced Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome
The case of a young woman who had enteric fever and was prescribed IV ceftriaxone and domperidone, and subsequently developed NMS secondary to dom peridone is presented, highlighting the challenges faced when dealing with two potentially lethal medical conditions presenting concurrently and their overlapping symptoms.
Salmonella typhi as cause of neonatal sepsis: case report and literature review
  • D. Sharma, J. Khan, Sunil Agarwal
  • Medicine
    The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians
  • 2019
The clinical features of neonatal Salmonella typhi infection are not different to neonatal sepsis caused by other gram-negative organism in this age group and the management includes supportive care and intravenous antibiotics.
Molecular diagnostics and next-generation sequencing reveal real etiological characteristics of invasive Salmonella infection in febrile illness in Freetown, Sierra Leone
Salmonella surveillance based on accurate laboratory diagnosis and genome sequencing needs to be strengthened to provide a better estimation of the real epidemics and enable potential risk assessment by etiological analysis in Africa.
Traditional Widal Agglutination Test Versus Rapid Immunochromatographic Test in the Diagnosis of Enteric Fever: A Prospective Study From South India
The results indicate that the traditional Widal agglutination test is superior to the rapid ICT in the diagnosis of enteric fever, and both these tests cannot be considered as gold standards for the diagnosis owing to their low positive predictive values.
Are all vaccines safe for the pregnant traveler? A systematic review and metaanalysis.
Data from observational studies support the safety of hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and rabies vaccines, as well as that of the live attenuated yellow fever vaccine.
Circulation of third-generation cephalosporin resistant Salmonella Typhi in Mumbai, India
We report the persistent circulation of third-generation cephalosporin resistant Salmonella Typhi in Mumbai, linked to the acquisition and maintenance of a previously characterized IncX3 plasmid
Prevalence, probability, and outcomes of typhoidal/non-typhoidal Salmonella and malaria co-infection among febrile patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The geographical overlaps of malaria parasites and Salmonella spp. can lead to co-infection of these two pathogens, especially in the tropics where malaria is endemic. Moreover, few literatures


IAP Task Force Report: management of enteric fever in children.
Since 1990s Salmonella typhi has developed resistance simultaneously to all the drugs used in first line treatment and are known as Multi Drug Resistant typhoid fever (MDRTF).
Global trends in typhoid and paratyphoid Fever.
  • J. Crump, E. Mintz
  • Medicine, Biology
    Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • 2010
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever continue to be important causes of illness and death, particularly among children and adolescents in south-central and Southeast Asia, where enteric fever is associated
Management of enteric fever in children
  • S. Kamat
  • Medicine
    Indian journal of pediatrics
  • 1981
Management of enteric fever has become simpler and easier with the availability of many specific antityphoid drugs, followed by furozolidone and ampicillin.
Profile of Typhoid Fever in Children from a Tertiary Care Hospital in Chennai-South India
Public health interventions to minimize human carrier contact, improved personal hygienic measures including health care behavior strategies, typhoid vaccination and rational antibiotic selection based on sensitivity pattern to prevent resistance will help to reduce the morbidity and mortality of this global health problem.
Pancreatitis in typhoid fever relapse.
To the Editors:Typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by Salmonellaenterica serotype Typhi (S. Typhi). In 2006, the incidence in Spain was 82 cases, of which 17 were in Catalonia (0.21 cases
Typhoid and paratyphoid fever.
  • B. Mandal
  • Medicine
    Clinics in gastroenterology
  • 1979
In Queensland, several cases of paratyphoid fever are notified each year, most occurring in returned overseas travellers.
Typhoid fever.
  • A. B. CiusnE
  • Medicine
    The Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
  • 1967
This Review will focus on recent developments in the understanding of Typhoid fever, a disease caused by Salmonella enterica serovar typhi which is one of the most common causes of bowel perforation in the developing world.
Splenic Abscess Complicating Salmonella typhi Infection
In March 1998 a 28-year-old Chadian male with no significant medical history developed fever (38 7C) and weakness during a 9-day stay in Gabon and was readmitted because of fever, shivers, and left-sided tenderness.
Typhidot - A blessing or a menace
Even though Typhidot is rapid, easy and affordable, its use should be discouraged due to low sensitivity and specificity and insignificant association to the disease.
Isolated splenic infarction owing to group B Salmonella: case report
An otherwise healthy patient with isolated splenic infarction caused by group B Salmonella is reported, which means that after appropriate antimicrobial therapy, her complaints disappeared and microbiological tests for Salmonellae became negative.