Entangled in Orientalism: How the Hyksos Became a Race

  title={Entangled in Orientalism: How the Hyksos Became a Race},
  author={Danielle Candelora},
  journal={Journal of Egyptian History},
This paper presents a historiographical critique of Hyksos scholarship and the impact of Imperialism and Orientalism on the foundations of such studies. I trace the creation and maintenance of the misconception of the Hyksos as a race through the scholarship, examining the context and influences behind the research, and discuss the appeal of new scientific techniques for the question of Hyksos origins. 
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Who were the Hyksos? Challenging traditional narratives using strontium isotope (87Sr/86Sr) analysis of human remains from ancient Egypt
Results of strontium isotope ratios of human tooth enamel from Tell el-Dabca are presented, focusing on comparing pre- and during Hyksos rule and sex-based differences, consistent with the supposition that, while the ruling class had Near Eastern origins, the Hykso’ rise to power was not the result of an invasion, as popularly theorized, but an internal dominance and takeover of foreign elite.


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