Enhancement of low-cost GNSS localization in connected vehicle networks using Rao-Blackwellized particle filters

Abstract

An essential function for automated vehicle technologies is accurate localization. It is difficult, however, to achieve lane-level accuracy with low-cost Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers due to the biased noisy pseudo-range measurements. Approaches such as Differential GNSS can improve the accuracy, but usually require an enormous amount of investment in base stations. The emerging connected vehicle technologies provide an alternative approach to improving the localization accuracy. It has been shown in this paper that localization accuracy can be enhanced by fusing GNSS information within a group of connected vehicles and matching the configuration of the group to a digital map to eliminate the common bias in localization. A Rao-Blackwellized particle filter (RBPF) was used to jointly estimate the common biases of the pseudo-ranges and the vehicles positions. Multipath biases, which are non-common to vehicles, were mitigated by a multi-hypothesis detection-rejection approach. The temporal correlation was exploited through the prediction-update process. The proposed approach was compared to the existing static and smoothed static methods in the intersection scenario. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm reduced the estimation error by fifty percent and reduced the estimation variance by two orders of magnitude.

DOI: 10.1109/ITSC.2016.7795652

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Cite this paper

@article{Shen2016EnhancementOL, title={Enhancement of low-cost GNSS localization in connected vehicle networks using Rao-Blackwellized particle filters}, author={Macheng Shen and Ding Zhao and Jing Sun}, journal={2016 IEEE 19th International Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC)}, year={2016}, pages={834-840} }