Enhancement of allyl alcohol hepatotoxicity by endotoxin requires extrahepatic factors.

Noninjurious doses of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide; LPS) enhance allyl alcohol-induced liver damage in rats in a Kupffer cell (KC)-dependent fashion. To investigate the mechanism by which KCs contribute to liver injury in this model, isolated KCs and hepatocytes (HCs) were cocultured. Addition of LPS to the cocultured cells did not enhance allyl… CONTINUE READING