A significant enhancement of photoresponse from the light-controlled conductive switching based on Cu<sub>2</sub>O/rGO nanocomposites was experimentally demonstrated. Cu<sub>2</sub>O/rGO nanocomposites were synthesized via a facile wet-reduced method. The crystalline structure, morphologies, and photoluminescence of the Cu<sub>2</sub>O/rGO nanocomposites were characterized and analyzed. The fabricated conductive switching was measured under the irradiation of a continuous laser. When the laser was turned on and off alternately, the photoconductive switching obviously displayed a state conversion between "on" and "off" reversibly. Furthermore, the typical current-voltage (I-V) and current-time (I-t) curves exhibited a relatively high switching ratio (I<sub>on</sub>/I<sub>off</sub>) of 3.25 and a fast response time of 0.45 s. The excellent "on-off" characteristics of the device show promising applications in memory storage and logic circuits.