Enhanced cooling of neutron stars via Cooper-pairing neutrino emission

@article{Gusakov2004EnhancedCO,
  title={Enhanced cooling of neutron stars via Cooper-pairing neutrino emission},
  author={Mikhail E. Gusakov and Alexander D. Kaminker and Dmitry Yakovlev and O. Y. Gnedin Ioffe Institute and St.-Petersburg Space Telescope Science Institute and Baltimore.},
  journal={Astronomy and Astrophysics},
  year={2004},
  volume={423},
  pages={1063-1071}
}
We simulate cooling of superfluid neutron stars with nucleon cores where the direct Urca process is forbidden. We adopt density-dependent critical temperatures Tcp(ρ )a ndTcn(ρ) of singlet-state proton and triplet-state neutron pairing in a stellar core and consider strong proton pairing (with maximum T max cp > 5 × 10 9 K) and moderate neutron pairing (T max cn ∼ 

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