Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa.

@article{Henshilwood2009EngravedOF,
  title={Engraved ochres from the Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa.},
  author={Christopher S. Henshilwood and Francesco d’Errico and Ian Watts},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={2009},
  volume={57 1},
  pages={
          27-47
        }
}
An abstract drawing from the 73,000-year-old levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa
TLDR
This cross-hatched pattern drawn with an ochre crayon on a ground silcrete flake recovered from approximately 73,000-year-old Middle Stone Age levels at Blombos Cave, South Africa demonstrates the ability of early Homo sapiens in southern Africa to produce graphic designs on various media using different techniques.
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TLDR
A large sample of 270 fragments of intentionally marked ostrich eggshell from the Howiesons Poort at Diepkloof Rock Shelter, Western Cape, South Africa attest to an engraving tradition that is the earliest reliable evidence of what is a widespread modern practice.
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An early bone tool industry from the Middle Stone Age at Blombos Cave, South Africa: implications for the origins of modern human behaviour, symbolism and language.
TLDR
Comparisons with similar bone tools from the Later Stone Age at Blombos Cave, other Cape sites and ethnographic collections show that although shaping methods are different, the planning and execution of bone tool manufacture in the Middle Stone Age is consistent with that in the late Holocene.
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