English Language Learners Who Struggle With Reading

  title={English Language Learners Who Struggle With Reading},
  author={Janette Kettmann Klingner and Alfredo J. Artiles and Laura M{\'e}ndez Barletta},
  journal={Journal of Learning Disabilities},
  pages={108 - 128}
We review empirical research on English language learners (ELLs) who struggle with reading and who may have learning disabilities (LD). We sought to determine research indicators that can help us better differentiate between ELLs who struggle to acquire literacy because of their limited proficiency in English and ELLs who have actual LD. We conclude that more research is warranted to further elucidate the strengths and learning needs of subgroups of underachieving ELLs, to help us determine who… 

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