English Football Fan Groups in the 1990s: Class, Representation and Fan Power

  title={English Football Fan Groups in the 1990s: Class, Representation and Fan Power},
  author={Rex Nash},
  journal={Soccer \& Society},
  pages={39 - 58}
  • R. Nash
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Education
  • Soccer & Society
This article considers the nature of organized football fans in their 1990s incarnation, Independent Supporter Associations (ISAs). It addresses the role of the modernization of English football in the 1990s in the growth of ISAs, the role of class, the extent to which ISAs can be seen as a democratizing force, and how best to define them within the politics of protest. It finds little scope to explain the growth of ISAs via recourse to football's modernization, that very few ISA members have… 

From fanzines to foodbanks: Football fan activism in the age of anti-politics

This article is concerned with an emerging trend in political participation: the role played by football fans in engendering activism and protest. The role of fan activism in the debate on patterns

Football business and football communities in the twenty‐first century

In his analysis of the commodification of English football, E. Dunning outlines the central players, and their major sources of power, in what A. Clarke has called 'the football figuration'. Within

‘Not For Sale’? The Destruction and Reformation of Football Communities in the Glazer Takeover of Manchester United

This paper explores the background, fan culture and scope of the oppositional stance taken by many Manchester United fans to the corporate takeover of their club by the US‐based Glazer family. The

A woman's place recurring: structuration, football fandom and sub-cultural subservience

This paper focuses on qualitative interviews with a sample of female football fans in order to explore and explain the spatial and temporal extension of gender subordination prevalent within football

‘Our club, our rules’: fan communities at FC United of Manchester

This essay concerns the formation of FC United of Manchester, a fan owned non league football club in England, that was formed during the Glazer take over of Manchester United. It considers some of

Glasgow Celtic Fans, Political Culture and the Tiocfaidh Ar La Fanzine: Some Comments and a Content Analysis.

The article evaluates the nature of football fandom, cultural identity and political consciousness in the specific context of Glasgow Celtic Football Club and the Tiocfaidh Ar La fanzine. The central

Against Modern Football: Mobilising Protest Movements in Social Media

Recent debates in sociology consider how Internet communications might catalyse leaderless, open-ended, affective social movements that broaden support and bypass traditional institutional channels

‘Protect Me From What I Want’: Football Fandom, Celebrity Cultures and ‘New’ Football in England

This essay reconsiders aspects of the cultural and commercial ‘reinvention’ of English football since the late 1980s. It examines cultural readings of the sport, changes in fandom and in the

‘Tribalism’, identity fusion and football fandom in Australia: the case of Western Sydney

ABSTRACT Processes of group formation and social identity are key to understanding human behaviour in social domains. In football, ‘ultras’ groups are currently considered the most visible style of

From Brick Lane to White Hart Lane? Football, anti-racism and young, male, British Asian identities

This thesis investigates why British Asians are under-represented as professional footballers proportionally to their numbers in the overall population. Fundamentally, it is both an account of how




This article analyses the fandom of supporters from four professional English football clubs organized into Independent Supporters Associations (ISAs), and the extent to which these groups contest

The Lads: Masculinity and the New Consumption of Football

The 1990s have seen the rapid transformation in the consumption of football with the development, in particular, of all-seater stadiums. This article analyses the responses of a particular type of

Sport and socialism in Britain.

This paper attempts to explain the relationship between socialism and sport in Britain using a historical and comparative analysis of developments in Europe to identify the particular sociopolitical

Social Movements in Britain

Social Movements have become a central focus of political study in recent years. Paul Byrne's accessible account of British Social movements introduces students to the relevant theories, and puts

Sport, World Economy, Global Culture, and New Social Movements

This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on sport and globalization. In the first section of the paper major elements of the current debate are presented. The second section discusses the current


Direct: Newsletter of the Network of ISAs (Rotherham

  • 1996