England in the Ninth Century: the Crucible of Defeat

  title={England in the Ninth Century: the Crucible of Defeat},
  author={Nicholas Brooks},
  journal={Transactions of the Royal Historical Society},
  pages={1 - 20}
  • N. Brooks
  • Published 1 December 1979
  • History
  • Transactions of the Royal Historical Society
Historians, particularly medieval historians, are vulnerable to the charge that they concentrate their attention upon success—on the successful dynasties, institutions and ideas—and that they thereby misrepresent the past. Thus the political historian sees the ninth century as the crucial period in the evolution of a unitary English kingdom. The four powerful and independent Anglo-Saxon kingdoms existing in 800—Northumbria, Mercia, East Anglia and Wessex—had been reduced by the end of the… 

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