Engineering the electrocapillary behavior of electrolyte droplets on thin fluoropolymer films.

This study presents methods for engineering the electrocapillary behavior of fluoropolymer surfaces through the use of surfactants and an external insulating liquid. By the scaling of the appropriate surface energies, electrocapillary behavior is obtained at a record low voltage, with contact angle changes in excess of 100 degrees at 4 V. A consistent… (More)