Engage Early, Correct More: How Journalists Participate in False Rumors Online during Crisis Events

@article{Starbird2018EngageEC,
  title={Engage Early, Correct More: How Journalists Participate in False Rumors Online during Crisis Events},
  author={Kate Starbird and Dharma Dailey and Owla Mohamed and Gina Kessler Lee and Emma S. Spiro},
  journal={Proceedings of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems},
  year={2018}
}
Journalists are struggling to adapt to new conditions of news production and simultaneously encountering criticism for their role in spreading misinformation. Against the backdrop of this "crisis in journalism", this research seeks to understand how journalists are actually participating in the spread and correction of online rumors. We compare the engagement behaviors of journalists to non-journalists- and specifically other high visibility users-within five false rumors that spread on Twitter… Expand

Figures, Tables, and Topics from this paper

Diffusion and persistence of false rumors in social media networks: implications of searchability on rumor self-correction on Twitter
TLDR
Exchanges between related users can increase the likelihood that trustworthy agents transmit rumor messages, which can promote the propagation of useful information and corrective posts, and illustrate that searchability can hinder actors seeking to evaluate the trustworthiness of a rumor’s source and hence impede self-correction. Expand
Detecting Journalism in the Age of Social Media: Three Experiments in Classifying Journalists on Twitter
TLDR
This work uses a supervised machine learning model to automatically distinguish journalists from non-journalists in social media spaces and argues for the value of such methods for scaling analysis in journalism studies beyond the capacity of human coders. Expand
Demographics and topics impact on the co-spread of COVID-19 misinformation and fact-checks on Twitter
TLDR
Although it is observed that fact-checks about COVID-19 are appearing fairly quickly after misinformation is circulated, its ability to reduce overall misinformation spread appears to be limited. Expand
Misinformation, manipulation, and abuse on social media in the era of COVID-19
TLDR
Contributions investigating issues such as the emergence of infodemics, misinformation, conspiracy theories, automation, and online harassment on the onset of the coronavirus outbreak are collected. Expand
Rumors and Collective Sensemaking: Managing Ambiguity in an Informal Marketplace
TLDR
It is argued that the study of rumors can help to identify the concerns of a community in the face of differential power relations and is a form of social bonding which help communities make sense of their place in society and shape existing practices. Expand
Attention to misleading and contentious tweets in the case of Hurricane Harvey
The spread of false and misleading information through online social media is an elevated concern in emergency contexts such as natural disasters, where the on-the ground decision-making window isExpand
Examining the digital toolsets of journalists reporting on disinformation
The rise of the socially-connected web has created new reporting challenges for journalists—especially around the spread of misand disinformation—and required them to adopt new reporting methods.Expand
Know it to Defeat it: Exploring Health Rumor Characteristics and Debunking Efforts on Chinese Social Media during COVID-19 Crisis
TLDR
A comprehensive analysis of four months of rumorrelated online discussion during COVID-19 on Weibo, a Chinese microblogging site, suggests that the dread type of health rumors provoked significantly more discussions and lasted longer than the wish (raise hope) type. Expand
Exploring Lightweight Interventions at Posting Time to Reduce the Sharing of Misinformation on Social Media
TLDR
This work investigates the design of lightweight interventions that nudge users to assess the accuracy of information as they share it, and finds that both providing accuracy assessment and rationale reduce the sharing of false content. Expand
Data craft: a theory/methods package for critical internet studies
ABSTRACT Disinformation campaigns continue to thrive online, despite social media companies’ efforts at identifying and culling manipulation on their platforms. Framing these manipulation tactics asExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
Keeping Up with the Tweet-dashians: The Impact of 'Official' Accounts on Online Rumoring
TLDR
It is suggested that official accounts can help to slow the spread of a rumor by posting a denial, and a complementary perspective to existing studies that use surveys and interviews to characterize the role official accounts play in online rumoring is offered. Expand
I Love Big Bird
During the 2012 elections, several narratives built around humor, zingers, and gaffes blurred the lines between news and entertainment. This paper examines how political journalists used humor onExpand
NORMALIZING TWITTER
This study examines how mainstream journalists who microblog negotiate their professional norms and practices in a new media format that directly challenges them. Through a content analysis of moreExpand
A Closer Look at the Self-Correcting Crowd: Examining Corrections in Online Rumors
TLDR
The role of imagined audiences-both who those audiences are and how they react to and interact with shared information-in shaping users' decisions about whether and how to correct rumors is explored. Expand
‘Random Acts of Journalism’ Redux: News and Social Media
JD Lasica’s 2003 vision of the ‘random acts of journalism’ committed by citizen journalists was highly influential during the heyday of ‘Web 2.0’ in the first years of the new millennium, but inExpand
Rumors, False Flags, and Digital Vigilantes: Misinformation on Twitter after the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombing
The Boston Marathon bombing story unfolded on every possible carrier of information available in the spring of 2013, including Twitter. As information spread, it was filled with rumorsExpand
How Information Snowballs: Exploring the Role of Exposure in Online Rumor Propagation
TLDR
It is argued that considering the size of the exposed population is a vital component of understanding rumoring, and three distinct approaches to studying rumor dynamics-volume, exposure, and content production are highlighted. Expand
Fact Checking the Campaign
In a multichannel era of fragmented and contested political communication, both misinformation and fact checking have taken on new significance. The rise of Twitter as a key venue for politicalExpand
Analysing How People Orient to and Spread Rumours in Social Media by Looking at Conversational Threads
TLDR
The study shows that rumours that are ultimately proven true tend to be resolved faster than those that turn out to be false, and reinforces the need for developing robust machine learning techniques that can provide assistance in real time for assessing the veracity of rumours. Expand
Language Limitations in Rumor Research? Comparing French and English Tweets Sent During the 2015 Paris Attacks
TLDR
This work uses mixed methods to qualitatively code and quantitatively analyze rumoring behaviors across French and English language tweets, finding that temporal engagement in the rumor varies across languages, but proportions of tweets affirming and denying a rumor are very similar. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...