Energy estimation of cosmic rays with the Engineering Radio Array of the Pierre Auger Observatory

  title={Energy estimation of cosmic rays with the Engineering Radio Array of the Pierre Auger Observatory},
  author={The Pierre Auger Collaboration Alexander Aab and Pedro Abreu and Marco Aglietta and E. j. Ahn and Imen Al Samarai and Ivone F. M. Albuquerque and Ingomar Allekotte and P. Allison and Alejandro Almela and Jesus Alvarez Castillo and Jaime {\'A}lvarez-Mu{\~n}iz and Rafael Alves Batista and M. Ambrosio and Amin Aminaei and Gioacchino Alex Anastasi and Luis. Anchordoqui and Sofia Andringa and C. Aramo and Fernando Arqueros and Nicusor Arsene and Hern{\'a}n Asorey and P. Assis and Julien Aublin and Gualberto Avila and Nafiun Awal and Alina M. Badescu and Colin Baus and James J. Beatty and Karl Heinz Becker and J Almirall Bellido and Corinne Berat and Mario Edoardo Bertaina and Xavier Bertou and Peter L. Biermann and P. Billoir and Simon G Blaess and Alberto Blanco and Miguel Blanco and Jiř{\'i} Bla{\vz}ek and Carla Bleve and H. Blumer and Martina Boh'avcov'a and Denise Boncioli and C. Bonifazi and Nataliia Borodai and Jeffrey Brack and I. Brancus and Thomas Bretz and Ariel M. Bridgeman and Pedro Brogueira and P. Buchholz and A. Bueno and Stijn Buitink and Mario Buscemi and K. S. Caballero-Mora and Barbara Caccianiga and Lorenzo Caccianiga and Marina Candusso and Laurenţiu I. Caramete and Rossella Caruso and Antonella Castellina and Gabriella Cataldi and Lorenzo Cazon and Rosanna Cester and Alan G Chavez and Andrea Chiavassa and Jose Augusto Chinellato and J. Chudoba and Marco Cilmo and Roger William Clay and Giuseppe Cocciolo and Roberta Colalillo and A. Coleman and Laura Collica and M. R. Coluccia and Ruben Conceiccao and Fernando Contreras and Mathew J Cooper and Alain Cordier and St{\'e}phane Coutu and Corbin Edward Covault and James W. Cronin and Richard Dallier and Bruno Daniel and Sergio Dasso and Kai Daumiller and Bruce R. Dawson and Rogerio M. de Almeida and Sijbrand Jan de Jong and Giuseppe De Mauro and Jo{\~a}o de Mello Neto and Ivan De Mitri and Jaime de Oliveira and Vitor de Souza and Luis del Peral and Olivier Deligny and Niraj Dhital and Claudio Di Giulio and A. di Matteo and Johana Chirinos Diaz and Mary Lucia D'iaz Castro and Francisco Diogo and Carola Dobrigkeit and Wendy Docters and Juan Carlos D'Olivo and Alexei V. Dorofeev and Qader Dorosti Hasankiadeh and R. C. dos Anjos and M. T. Dova and Jan Ebr and Ralph Engel and Martin Erdmann and Mona Erfani and Carlos Ourivio Escobar and Joao Canhoto Espadanal and Alberto Etchegoyen and Heino Falcke and Ke Fang and Glennys R. Farrar and A. Campos Fauth and Norberto Fazzini and Andrew P Ferguson and Brian E. Fick and Juan Manuel Figueira and Alberto Filevich and Andrej Filipvcivc and Octavian Fratu and Mart'in Miguel Freire and Toshihiro Fujii and Beatriz Garc'ia and D. Garcia-Gamez and Diego Garc{\'i}a-Pinto and Florian Gat{\'e} and Hartmut Gemmeke and Alexandru Gherghel-Lascu and Piera Luisa Ghia and Ugo Gregorio Giaccari and Marco Giammarchi and Maria Giller and Dariusz Glas and C. Glaser and Henry D. Glass and Geraldina Golup and Mariano G'omez Berisso and Primo F G'omez Vitale and Nicol'as Gonz'alez and Ben Gookin and J. W. H. Gordon and Alessio Gorgi and P. W. Gorham and Philippe Gouffon and N. Griffith and Aurelio F. Grillo and Trent D. Grubb and Fausto Guarino and Germano P. Guedes and Mat'ias Rolf Hampel and Patricia Hansen and Diego D. Harari and Thomas A Harrison and Sebastian Hartmann and John L. Harton and Andreas Haungs and T. Hebbeker and D. Heck and Philip A. Heimann and Alexander E. Herv{\'e} and Gary C. Hill and Carlos Hojvat and Nicholas Hollon and Ewa M. Holt and Piotr Homola and Jorg R. Horandel and Pavel Horv{\'a}th and Miroslav Hrabovsk'y and Daniel Huber and T. Huege and Antonio Insolia and Paula Gina Isar and Ingolf Jandt and Stefan Jansen and Cecilia Jarne and Jeffrey A. Johnsen and Mariela Josebachuili and Alex Kaapa and Olga Kambeitz and K-H. Kampert and Peter Kasper and Igor I Katkov and Bianca Keilhauer and Ernesto Kemp and Roger M. Kieckhafer and H. Klages and M. Kleifges and Jonny Kleinfeller and Raphael Krause and Nicole Krohm and Daniel Kuempel and Ga{\vs}per Kukec Mezek and Norbert Kunka and A. W. Kuotb Awad and Danielle LaHurd and Luca Latronico and Robert J. Lauer and Markus Lauscher and Pascal Lautridou and Sandra Le Coz and Didier Lebrun and Paul L. G. Lebrun and Marcelo Augusto Leigui de Oliveira and Antoine Letessier-Selvon and Isabelle Lhenry-Yvon and Katrin Link and Luis Lopes and Rebeca L'opez and Aida L'opez Casado and Karim Louedec and Agustin Lucero and Max Malacari and M. Mallamaci and Jennifer Maller and Du{\vs}an Mand{\'a}t and Paul Matthew Mantsch and Analisa G. Mariazzi and Vincent Marin and Ioana Marics and Giovanni Marsella and Daniele Martello and Humberto Mart{\'i}nez and Oscar Mart'inez Bravo and Diane Martraire and Jimmy Mas'ias Meza and H. J. Mathes and Sebastian Mathys and James Matthews and J. A. Matthews and Giorgio Matthiae and Daniela Maurizio and Eric Mayotte and Peter Mazur and Carlos Medina and Gustavo A. Medina-Tanco and Rebecca Mei{\ss}ner and V. B. B. Mello and Diego G. Melo and Alexander Menshikov and Stefano Messina and Mar{\'i}a Isabel Micheletti and Lukas Middendorf and Ignacio A. Minaya and Lino Miramonti and Bogdan Mitrica and Laura Molina-Bueno and Silvia Mollerach and Franccois Montanet and Carlo Morello and Miguel Mostaf'a and C. A. Moura and Marcio Aparecido Muller and Gero Muller and Sarah Muller and Sergio S{\'a}nchez Navas and Petr Ne{\vc}esal and Lukas Nellen and Anna Nelles and Jens Neuser and Phong Hoai Nguyen and Mihai Niculescu-Oglinzanu and Marcus Niechciol and Lukas Niemietz and Tim Niggemann and Dave F. Nitz and Dalibor Nosek and Vladim{\'i}r Novotn{\'y} and Lyberis Novzka and Luis A. N'unez and Livingstone Ochilo and Foteini Oikonomou and Angela V. Olinto and Noelia Pacheco and Daniel Pakk Selmi-Dei and Miroslav Palatka and Juan Pallotta and Philipp Papenbreer and Gonzalo Parente and Alejandra Parra and Thomas Cantzon Paul and Miroslav Pech and Jan Pkekala and Rodrigo Pelayo and I. Pepe and L. M. Perrone and Emily Petermann and Christine Peters and Sergio Petrera and Yevgeniy Petrov and Jamyang Phuntsok and R. Piegaia and Tanguy Pierog and Pablo Pieroni and M{\'a}rio Pimenta and Valerio Pirronello and Manuel Platino and M. Plum and A. Porcelli and Czesław Porowski and Raul Ribeiro Prado and Paolo Privitera and Michael Prouza and E. Quel and Sven Querchfeld and Sean Quinn and Julian Rautenberg and Olivier Ravel and Diego Ravignani and D. Reinert and Beno{\^i}t Revenu and Jan Ř{\'i}dk{\'y} and Markus Risse and Pablo Ristori and Vincenzo Rizi and Washington Rodrigues de Carvalho and Jorge Rub'en Rodriguez Rojo and Maria Dolores Rodr'iguez-Fr'ias and Dmytro Rogozin and Jaime Rosado and Markus Roth and Esteban Roulet and A. Clay R.W. Rovero and Steven J. Saffi and A. Saftoiu and Humberto Ibarguen Salazar and Ahmed Saleh and F. Salesa Greus and Gaetano Salina and Jos{\'e} David Sanabria G{\'o}mez and Federico S'anchez and Patricia Sanchez-Lucas and Edivaldo Moura Santos and Eva Santos and Fred Sarazin and Biswaijt Sarkar and Ra{\'u}l Sarmento and Christian Sarmiento-cano and Ricardo Sato and C. Scarso and Markus Schauer and Viviana Scherini and Harald Schieler and David Schmidt and Olaf Scholten and H. Schoorlemmer and Petr Schov'anek and Frank G. Schroder and Alexander Schulz and Johannes Schulz and Johannes Schumacher and Sergio J. Sciutto and A. Segreto and Mariangela Settimo and Amir Hosein Shadkam and Ronald Cintra Shellard and Guenter Sigl and Octavian Sima and Andrzej Śmiałkowski and Radom'ir vSm'ida and Gregory R. Snow and Paul Sommers and Sebastian Sonntag and J. Sorokin and Ruben Squartini and Yogendra Srivastava and D. Stanca and Samo Stanivc and James Stapleton and Jaroslaw Stasielak and Maurice Stephan and A. Stutz and Federico Suarez and M. Suarez Dur'an and Tiina Suomijarvi and Alberto Daniel Supanitsky and Michael S. Sutherland and John Swain and Zbigniew Szadkowski and Oscar Alejandro Taborda and Alex Tapia and Andreas Tepe and Vanessa Menezes Theodoro and Omar Tibolla and C. Timmermans and Carlos Jos{\'e} Todero Peixoto and G. Toma and Lenka Tom{\'a}nkov{\'a} and Bernardo Tom'e and Aurelio S. Tonachini and Guillermo Torralba Elipe and Diego Torres Machado and Petr Tr{\'a}vn{\'i}{\vc}ek and Marta Trini and R. Ulrich and Michael Unger and Martin Urban and Jose F. Vald{\'e}s Galicia and In{\'e}s Vali{\~n}o and Laura Valore and Guus van Aar and Patrick van Bodegom and A. M. Berg and Sjoert van Velzen and Arjen van Vliet and Enrique Varela and Bernardo Vargas C'ardenas and Gary Varner and Rafael Vasquez and J. J. Rodr'iguez V'azquez and Ricardo V'azquez and Darko Veberivc and Valerio Verzi and Jakub Vicha and Mariela Videla and L. Villase{\~n}or and Brian J. Vlcek and Serguei Vorobiov and H. Wahlberg and Oscar Wainberg and David Walz and Alan Andrew Watson and Marc Weber and Klaus Weidenhaupt and Andreas Weindl and Christoph Welling and F. Werner and Allan Widom and Lawrence Richard Wiencke and Henryk Wilczy'nski and Tobias Winchen and David Wittkowski and Brian Wundheiler and Sarka Wykes and Lili Yang and T. Yapici and Alexey Yushkov and Enrique Zas and Danilo Zavrtanik and Marko Zavrtanik and A. Zepeda and Benedikt Zimmermann and Michael S. Ziolkowski and Francesca Zuccarello},
  journal={Physical Review D},
The Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA) is part of the Pierre Auger Observatory and is used to detect the radio emission of cosmic-ray air showers. These observations are compared to the data of the surface detector stations of the Observatory, which provide well-calibrated information on the cosmic-ray energies and arrival directions. The response of the radio stations in the 30 to 80 MHz regime has been thoroughly calibrated to enable the reconstruction of the incoming electric field. For… Expand
Cosmic ray physics with the Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA)
Abstract The Auger Engineering Radio Array consists of 153 autonomous radio stations at the site of the Pierre Auger Observatory in Malargue, Province of Mendoza, Argentina. Covering an area of 17Expand
Measurement of the Radiation Energy in the Radio Signal of Extensive Air Showers as a Universal Estimator of Cosmic-Ray Energy.
The radiation energy provides direct access to the calorimetric energy in the electromagnetic cascade of extensive air showers and allows the direct calibration of any cosmic-ray radio detector against the well-established energy scale of the Pierre Auger Observatory. Expand
Radio detection of cosmic rays with the Auger Engineering Radio Array
  • T. Huege
  • Physics
  • EPJ Web of Conferences
  • 2019
The Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA) complements the Pierre Auger Observatory with 150 radio-antenna stations measuring in the frequency range from 30 to 80 MHz. With an instrumented area of 17Expand
An analytic description of the radio emission of air showers based on its emission mechanisms
Abstract Ultra-high energy cosmic rays can be measured through the detection of radio-frequency radiation from air showers. The radio-frequency emission originates from deflections of the air-showerExpand
The mass composition of cosmic rays measured with LOFAR
High-energy cosmic rays, impinging on the atmosphere of the Earth initiate cascades of secondary particles, the extensive air showers. The electrons and positrons in the air shower emitExpand
Results and Perspectives of the Auger Engineering Radio Array
The Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA) is an extension of the Pierre Auger Cosmic-Ray Observatory. It is used to detect radio emission from extensive air showers with energies beyond $10^{17}~$eVExpand
Radio detection of Cosmic-Ray Air Showers and High-Energy Neutrinos
This review provides an introduction to the radio emission by particle cascades, an overview on the various experiments, and explains methods for the radio measurement of air-shower properties.Expand
Enhancing the cosmic-ray mass sensitivity of air-shower arrays by combining radio and muon detectors
The muonic and electromagnetic components of air showers are sensitive to the mass of the primary cosmic particle. The sizes of the components can be measured with particle detectors on ground, andExpand
Influence of a planar boundary on the electric field emitted by a particle shower
The radio detection of cosmic rays consists in the estimation of the properties of a primary cosmic ray by observing the electric field emitted by the extensive air shower (EAS) created when theExpand
Observation of inclined EeV air showers with the radio detector of the Pierre Auger Observatory
With the Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA) of the Pierre Auger Observatory, we have observed the radio emission from 561 extensive air showers with zenith angles between 60 degrees and 84 degrees.Expand


Energy estimation for cosmic rays measured with the Auger Engineering Radio Array
The Auger Engineering Radio Array (AERA) is located within the Pierre Auger Observatory and currently consists of 24 self-triggered radio stations. Observation of radio signals from cosmic rays isExpand
Measurement of the Radiation Energy in the Radio Signal of Extensive Air Showers as a Universal Estimator of Cosmic-Ray Energy.
The radiation energy provides direct access to the calorimetric energy in the electromagnetic cascade of extensive air showers and allows the direct calibration of any cosmic-ray radio detector against the well-established energy scale of the Pierre Auger Observatory. Expand
Calibrated measurements of the radio emission of cosmic ray air showers
This work investigates the properties of the radio emission of cosmic ray air showers, in particular by reconstructing the lateral distribution of the emission on an event-by-event basis. The LOPESExpand
Antennas for the detection of radio emission pulses from cosmic-ray induced air showers at the Pierre Auger Observatory
The Pierre Auger Observatory is exploring the potential of the radio detection technique to study extensive air showers induced by ultra-high energy cosmic rays. The Auger Engineering Radio ArrayExpand
Geomagnetic origin of the radio emission from cosmic ray induced air showers observed by CODALEMA
The new setup of the CODALEMA experiment installed at the Radio Observatory in Nancay, France, is described. It includes broadband active dipole antennas and an extended and upgraded particleExpand
Dependence of geosynchrotron radio emission on the energy and depth of maximum of cosmic ray showers
Abstract Based on CORSIKA and REAS2 simulations, we investigate the dependence of geosynchrotron radio emission from extensive air showers on the energy of the primary cosmic ray and the depth of theExpand
Results of a self-triggered prototype system for radio-detection of extensive air showers at the Pierre Auger Observatory
We describe the experimental setup and the results of RAuger, a small radio-antenna array, consisting of three fully autonomous and self-triggered radio-detection stations, installed close to theExpand
Radio emission of extensive air showers during thunderstorms
The deflection of relativistic, charged particles in high energy air showers due to the geomagnetic field leads to a coherent emission of radio pulses. This process can be described by theExpand
A large light-mass component of cosmic rays at 1017–1017.5 electronvolts from radio observations
Radio measurements of Xmax with a mean uncertainty of 16 grams per square centimetre for air showers initiated by cosmic rays with energies of 1017–1017.5 electronvolts enable us to determine the mass spectrum of the cosmic rays: a mixed composition, with a light-mass fraction (protons and helium nuclei) of about 80 per cent. Expand
The Lateral Distribution Function of Coherent Radio Emission from Extensive Air Showers; Determining the Chemical Composition of Cosmic Rays
Abstract The lateral distribution function (LDF) for coherent electromagnetic radiation from air showers initiated by ultra-high-energy cosmic rays is calculated using a macroscopic description. AExpand