Energy efficiency of batch and semi-batch (CCRO) reverse osmosis desalination.

Abstract

As reverse osmosis (RO) desalination capacity increases worldwide, the need to reduce its specific energy consumption becomes more urgent. In addition to the incremental changes attainable with improved components such as membranes and pumps, more significant reduction of energy consumption can be achieved through time-varying RO processes including semi… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.watres.2016.09.029

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