Energy drink ingredients. Contribution of caffeine and taurine to performance outcomes

  title={Energy drink ingredients. Contribution of caffeine and taurine to performance outcomes},
  author={Amy Peacock and Frances Heritage Martin and Andrea Carr},

Impact of Taurine and Caffeine on the Cognitive Performance of Healthy Older Adults

The results suggest that any beneficial effects energy drinks have on cognitive performance, may be due to the presence of caffeine, and that the addition of taurine may actually attenuate the effects of caffeine if cognitive task demands are high.

Performance effects and metabolic consequences of caffeine and caffeinated energy drink consumption on glucose disposal.

Both caffeine-induced performance enhancement and insulin resistance converge with the primary actions of caffeine on skeletal muscle, which may have implications for the development of a number of chronic diseases.

Cumulative neurobehavioral and physiological effects of chronic caffeine intake: individual differences and implications for the use of caffeinated energy products.

The scientific evidence for sleep loss, circadian phase, sleep inertia, and the time-on-task effect as causes of low energy is discussed and research assessing the efficacy of caffeine to counteract decreased alertness and increased fatigue in such situations is summarized.

Impact of Various Caffeine Vehicles on Mood and Cognitive, Neurological and Physiological Functions over Five Hours

The 5-Hour Energy group rated alertness higher than other caffeine treatments, and was the only group to demonstrate decreases in alpha waves, memory improvements, and impaired glucose homeostasis.

Cognitive and Mood Effects of a Nutrient Enriched Breakfast Bar in Healthy Adults: A Randomised, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Parallel Groups Study

It is demonstrated that a nutrient enriched breakfast bar with low caffeine content can exert striking beneficial effects on acute cognitive function and alertness, and on tasks assessing attention, working and episodic memory and executive function.

Attentional and working memory performance following alcohol and energy drink: A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, factorial design laboratory study

Mutual antagonism between alcohol and ED showed no consistent pattern and likely reflects a complex interaction between caffeine and alcohol levels, phase of the blood alcohol limb, task domain and cognitive load.

The Effects of Caffeine on Short Term Memory

Results indicated that caffeine had a significant effect on memory, but not math test results, and there was a positive correlation between GPA and caffeine consumption.

Influence of energy drink ingredients on mood and cognitive performance.

  • E. Childs
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Nutrition reviews
  • 2014
This article reviews the available empirical data on the interactive effects of these ingredients and caffeine on sleep and cognitive performance and suggests objectives for future study.

The Combined Effect of Caffeine and Ornithine on the Mood of Healthy Office Workers

The results of the present study suggest that there is a unique synergistic effect between caffeine and ornithine on the mood of healthy office workers and that Ornithine may potentiate the effects of caffeine.



A taurine and caffeine-containing drink stimulates cognitive performance and well-being

The findings clearly indicate that the mixture of three key ingredients of Red BullR Energy Drink used in the study have positive effects upon human mental performance and mood.

Differential cognitive effects of energy drink ingredients: Caffeine, taurine, and glucose

An evaluation of a caffeinated taurine drink on mood, memory and information processing in healthy volunteers without caffeine abstinence

Moderate doses of caffeine and taurine can improve information processing in individuals who could not have been in caffeine withdrawal.

Enhanced mood and psychomotor performance by a caffeine-containing energy capsule in fatigued individuals.

It is indicated that consumption of a caffeine-containing food supplement improves subjective state and cognitive performance in fatigued individuals that is likely a result of its caffeine content.

Cognitive and physiological effects of an “energy drink”: an evaluation of the whole drink and of glucose, caffeine and herbal flavouring fractions

There is some degree of synergy between the cognition-modulating effects of glucose and caffeine which merits further investigation, and the whole drink resulted in significantly improved performance on “secondary memory” and “speed of attention” factors.

Acute caffeine effect on repeatedly measured P300

Caffeine ingestion appears to yield a lower resource-consumption and a net increase in allocating attention resources for task performance across repeated measurements, as demonstrated in a study using a repeatedly presented auditory oddball button-press task.

Influence of caffeine on information processing stages in well rested and fatigued subjects

ERP results supported the view that caffeine increases cortical arousal and perceptual sensitivity and indicated that caffeine effects were not stimulating in all subjects: 6 out of 30 subjects did not show arousing effects of caffeine.

The effects of Red Bull Energy Drink on human performance and mood

Significant improvements in mental performance included choice reaction time, concentration (number cancellation) and memory (immediate recall), which reflected increased subjective alertness are interpreted as reflecting the effects of the combination of ingredients.

Expected effect of caffeine on motor performance predicts the type of response to placebo

Placebo effects on mood were correlated with subjects’ predictions about the effect of caffeine on mood, and the type of placebo response displayed.

Effects of energy drinks mixed with alcohol on behavioral control: risks for college students consuming trendy cocktails.

The mix of impaired behavioral inhibition and enhanced stimulation is a combination that may make AmED consumption riskier than alcohol consumption alone, and an energy drink appears to alter some of the objective and subjective impairing effects of alcohol, but not others.