Energy depletion inhibits phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling and induces apoptosis via AMP-activated protein kinase-dependent phosphorylation of IRS-1 at Ser-794.

@article{Tzatsos2007EnergyDI,
  title={Energy depletion inhibits phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling and induces apoptosis via AMP-activated protein kinase-dependent phosphorylation of IRS-1 at Ser-794.},
  author={Alexandros Tzatsos and Philip N Tsichlis},
  journal={The Journal of biological chemistry},
  year={2007},
  volume={282 25},
  pages={
          18069-82
        }
}
Energy depletion activates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and inhibits cell growth via TSC2-dependent suppression of mTORC1 signaling. Long term energy depletion also induces apoptosis by mechanisms that are not well understood to date. Here we show that AMPK, activated by energy depletion, inhibited cell survival by binding to and phosphorylating IRS-1 at Ser-794. Phosphorylation of IRS-1 at this site inhibited phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling, suppressed the mitochondrial… CONTINUE READING

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