Energetics of under-water swimming in Adélie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae)

  title={Energetics of under-water swimming in Ad{\'e}lie penguins (Pygoscelis adeliae)},
  author={Boris Culik and Rory P. Wilson},
  journal={Journal of Comparative Physiology B},
The energy consumption of Adélie penguins while at rest in water (8.4 W·kg-1 at 4°C) or swimming below the surface was determined using a 21 m long canal fitted with respiration chambers at each end. Penguins chose to swim 86% of the time at speeds recorded in nature. Cost of transport was lowest (7.9 J·kg-1·m-1) at 1.7–2.3 m·s-1, corresponding to a power input of 15.8 W·kg-1, and only 50% as high as previously reported. Assuming a muscle efficiency of 0.25, propulsion efficiency is 0.4 and… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 29 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS
21 Citations
52 References
Similar Papers


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 21 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 52 references

Geolycosa domifex (Hancock) using time-lapse television and CO 2 gas analysis

  • B Culik, A JWoakes, D Adelung, RP Wilson, NR Coria, HJ Spairani
  • Call J Zool
  • 1990
2 Excerpts

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…