Endurance and Strength Training for Soccer Players

  title={Endurance and Strength Training for Soccer Players},
  author={Jan Hoff and Jan Helgerud},
  journal={Sports Medicine},
Top soccer players do not necessarily have an extraordinary capacity in any of the areas of physical performance. Soccer training is largely based on the game itself, and a common recruitment pattern from player to coach and manager reinforces this tradition. New developments in understanding adaptive processes to the circulatory system and endurance performance as well as nerve and muscle adaptations to training and performance have given rise to more effective training interventions… 
Training and testing physical capacities for elite soccer players
  • J. Hoff
  • Education
    Journal of sports sciences
  • 2005
Strength training to produce neural adaptations has been effective in changing not only strength in terms of “one-repetition maximum”, but also sprinting velocity and jumping height, in elite soccer players without any change in body mass.
Strength training in soccer with a specific focus on highly trained players
The analysis suggests that neuromuscular training improves both physiological and physical measures associated with the high-level performance of soccer players, as well as the effects of concurrent strength and endurance training on the physical capacity of players.
Strength and endurance in elite football players.
The concurrent strength and endurance training program together with regular football training resulted in considerable improvement of the players' physical capacity and so may be successfully introduced to elite football players.
Strength training in professional soccer: effects on short-sprint and jump performance.
In this meta-analysis it is not possible to confirm that strength training in isolation is capable of improving the short-sprint and jump performance of elite soccer players, but strength training appears to have a lower effect when applied during in-season than when applied in pre-season periods in first division soccer players.
an undulated periodised program to specifically develop maximal strength, force and power production. Once the athletes are competent and proficient in lifting techniques – future training cycles can
Effect of Preseason Concurrent Muscular Strength and High-Intensity Interval Training in Professional Soccer Players
High-intensity interval running can be concurrently performed with high load muscular strength training to enhance soccer players' explosive performances and aerobic endurance.
Physiological adaptations to soccer specific endurance training in professional youth soccer players
Performing high intensity 4 min intervals dribbling a soccer ball around a specially designed track together with regular soccer training is effective for improving the Vo2max of soccer players, with no negative interference effects on strength, jumping ability, and sprinting performance.
Physiology of Soccer
An update on the physiology of soccer players and referees, and relevant physiological tests is provided, and examples of effective strength- and endurance-training programmes to improve on-field performance are given.
Effect of Variable-Intensity Running Training and Circuit Training on Selected Physiological Parameters of Soccer Players
To analyse selected parameters of physical capacity of soccer players after 8-week variable-intensity running training and circuit training, metabolic thresholds based on individual LT1 and AT2 metabolic thresholds were determined.
Effect of Strength and High-Intensity Training on Jumping, Sprinting, and Intermittent Endurance Performance in Prepubertal Soccer Players
Specific combined strength and high-intensity training in prepubertal soccer players for 26 weeks produced a positive effect on performance qualities highly specific to soccer.


Soccer specific aerobic endurance training
Heart rate monitoring during soccer specific exercise is a valid indicator of actual exercise intensity and may be performed as aerobic interval training.
Strength and endurance of elite soccer players.
It is concluded that for soccer players, maximal oxygen uptake should be expressed in relation to body mass raised to the power of 0.75 and maximal strength in relationTo evaluate maximal aerobic capacity when running and strength capacity among players with different body mass.
Physiological Characteristics of Elite Soccer Players
A comparison of top teams and players with less able participants indicates that the components of anaerobic fitness — speed, power, strength and the capacity of the lactic acid system may differentiate better between the 2 groups.
Aerobic Endurance Training Improves Soccer Performance
These researchers proposed to determine whether an aerobic-endurancetraining protocol could improve soccer performance, measured in terms of distance covered, work intensity, number of sprints, and number of involvements with the ball during a match.
Aerobic endurance training improves soccer performance.
Enhanced aerobic endurance in soccer players improved soccer performance by increasing the distance covered, enhancing work intensity, and increasing the number of sprints and involvements with the ball during a match.
A Review: The Effects of Combined Strength and Endurance Training on Strength Development
Concurrent strength and endurance training reportedly compromises strength gains and the ability to produce explosive movements. Possible reasons for compromises in strength-power adaptations with
Maximal strength training improves aerobic endurance performance
Maximal strength training with emphasis on neural adaptations improves strength, particularly rate of force development, and improves aerobic endurance performance by improved work economy.
Comparison of various exercise tests with endurance performance during soccer in professional players.
To evaluate exercise procedures to test the endurance capacity during soccer, individual results in laboratory and field tests were compared to physical performance during the match and further to
Potential for strength and endurance training to amplify endurance performance.
It is indicated that certain types of endurance performance, particularly those requiring fast-twitch fiber recruitment, can be improved by strength-training supplementation, and heavy-resistance training to increase leg-muscle strength is recommended.
The Effects of Maximum Strength Training on Throwing Velocity and Muscle Strength in Female Team‐Handball Players
The effect of maximum strength bench-press training combines with normal team skill training in handball was investigated. Subjects, female team-handball players from the Norwegian second division,