- Published 2005 in IJAC

Due to works by Bestvina-Mess, Swarup and Bowditch, we now have complete knowledge of how splittings of a word-hyperbolic group G as a graph of groups with finite or two-ended edge groups relate to the cut point structure of its boundary. It is central in the theory that ∂G is a locally connected continuum (a Peano space). Motivated by the structure of tight circle packings, we propose to generalize this theory to cusp-uniform groups in the sense of Tukia. A Peano space X is cut-rigid, if X has no cut point, no points of infinite valence and no cut-pairs consisting of bivalent points. We prove: Theorem: Suppose X is a cut-rigid space admitting a cusp-uniform action by an infinite group. If X contains a minimal cut triple of bivalent points, then there exists a simplicial tree T , canonically associated with X, and a canonical simplicial action of Homeo(X) on T such that any infinite cusp-uniform group G of X acts cofinitely on T , with finite edge stabilizers. In particular, if X is such that T is locally finite, then any cuspuniform group G of X is virtually free.

@article{Guralnik2005EndsOC,
title={Ends of Cusp-Uniform Groups of Locally Connected Continua - I},
author={Dan P. Guralnik},
journal={IJAC},
year={2005},
volume={15},
pages={765-798}
}