Endperiod Demographics of the Greenland Norse

  title={Endperiod Demographics of the Greenland Norse},
  author={Niels Lynnerup},
Abstract The Norse who settled and lived in Greenland AD 1000–1500 provide a unique biological anthropological material for the investigation of human and environmental interaction. They were a relatively isolated population, constrained in both space and time. This study reports on demographic modelling of (1) marriage and fertility patterns and (2) total population level numbers with crude death rates and birth rates, including immigration and emigration scenarios. In addition to linear… 
Disequilibrium, Adaptation, and the Norse Settlement of Greenland
It is argued that landscape modification conformed the Norse to a Scandinavian style of agriculture throughout settlement, structuring and limiting the efficacy of seasonal hunting strategies.
Ancient DNA reveals the chronology of walrus ivory trade from Norse Greenland
A significant shift in resource use from predominantly eastern sources towards a near exclusive representation of walruses from western Greenland is identified, providing empirical evidence for the economic importance of walrus for the Norse Greenland settlements and the integration of this remote, western Arctic resource into a medieval pan-European trade network.
Ancient DNA reveals the chronology of walrus ivory trade from Norse Greenland
This study provides empirical evidence for how this remote Arctic resource was progressively integrated into a medieval pan-European trade network, contributing to both the resilience and vulnerability of Norse Greenland society.
Introduction: New Approaches to the Study of the Viking Age Settlement across the North Atlantic
  • T. Price
  • Geography
    Journal of the North Atlantic
  • 2018
Abstract This volume presents the results of a symposium focused on a project of archaeological research concerned with the colonization of the North Atlantic using new methods of analysis. This
Wood procurement in Norse Greenland (11th to 15th c. AD)
Abstract The Norse Greenlanders were dependent on wood for making houses, boats, utensils, tools and as fuel. Due to Greenland's northerly latitude and short, cool summers, the local woody taxa
A Tale of Two Ivories: Elephant and Walrus
En este trabajo propongo que el marfil de elefante y de morsa fueron sustitutosimperfectos en la economia medieval, tratandose de materiales bien diferenciados, ambos utilizados y apreciados. Este


Human Diet and Subsistence Patterns in Norse Greenland AD C.980—AD c. 1450: Archaeological interpretations
Abstract In this concluding paper of the JONA special volume on the Norse Greenland isotope study, we summarize the archaeological interpretations of the previous, technical papers. The study
The Demographic Stability of Small Human Populations
There is a wealth of biological and anthropological information to show that these vital processes of a population vary according to population size or density in a negative-feedback way.
The Peopling of Iceland
In recent years intensive archaeological research on the Viking Age in Iceland has produced much new evidence supporting a late 9th century colonization of the country. It can now be stated not only
Population Changes in Iceland
T HE settlement of Iceland was in many ways a remarkable achievement. During the period A.D. 870-930 many thousands of people left their homesteads in Scandinavia and the British Isles and sailed in
Migration in Archeology: The Baby and the Bathwater
Migration has been largely ignored by archeologists for the last two decades. Yet prehistoric demography and population studies are accepted as central concerns, and neither of these can be studied
Modeling Effects of Local Extinctions on Culture Change and Diversity in the Paleolithic
This study investigates whether the appearance of stability in early Paleolithic technologies could result from frequent extinctions of local subpopulations within a persistent metapopulation, and investigates the effects of demographic factors on rates of culture change and diversification.
5 – Demographic Archaeology
Publisher Summary This chapter focuses on the demographic archaeology. There has been a definite shift for two decades within archaeology from an obsession with material remains to a healthier
Norse Greenland Dietary Economy ca. AD 980-ca. AD 1450: Introduction
Abstract An initial study of the 13 C values for human bone collagen of 27 Norse Greenlanders in the late 1990s suggested a change in the Norse diet from predominantly terrestrial to predominantly
Sunk‐Cost Effects and Vulnerability to Collapse in Ancient Societies1
marco a. janssen, t imothy a. kohler , and marten scheffer Center for the Study of Institutions, Population, and Environmental Change, Indiana University, 408 N. Indiana Ave., Bloomington, Ind.
The Ecology of Expansion and Abandonment: Medieval and Post-Medieval Agriculture and Settlement in a Landscape Perspective
Preface Introduction Medieval Colonization and Expansion: Before colonization: Prehistoric herding and transhumance, Medieval expansion in a North-European perspective, Colonization and farm