Endotoxin induced TLR4 signaling downregulates CYP19A1 expression through CEBPB in buffalo granulosa cells.

Abstract

Estrogen is essential for growth and development of ovarian follicles. Infections associated with E. coli or Endotoxin (LPS) suppress estradiol production by the downregulation of CYP19A1 expression. However, the molecular mechanism of its down regulation is not yet known. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of LPS-mediated downregulation of CYP19A1 gene expression, we studied the effect of LPS and TLR4 signaling pathway inhibitor (OxPAPC, OxPAPC-Oxidized 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) on CYP19A1 expression, and expression of CEBPB and CEBPB binding on CYP19A1 proximal promoter (CYP19A1 PII) in buffalo granulosa cells in vitro. The results showed that LPS (1μg/ml) significantly declined the expression of CYP19A1 gene. In further experiments, inhibitor studies confirmed the involvement of TLR4 in LPS induced CYP19A1 gene down regulation in buffalo granulosa cells. LPS promoted higher levels of CEBPB at cellular and nuclear level in granulosa cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation results showed, that LPS induces higher amount of CEBPB binding on the CYP19A1 PII. Further, TLR4 inhibitor attenuated the LPS induced implications. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that CEBPB could be a potential regulator for LPS mediated downregulation of CYP19A1 and decline of 17-beta estradiol levels in buffalo granulosa cells.

DOI: 10.1016/j.tiv.2017.04.012

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Cite this paper

@article{Yenuganti2017EndotoxinIT, title={Endotoxin induced TLR4 signaling downregulates CYP19A1 expression through CEBPB in buffalo granulosa cells.}, author={Vengala Rao Yenuganti and Ravinder and Dheer Singh}, journal={Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA}, year={2017}, volume={42}, pages={93-100} }