Endosymbiont costs and benefits in a parasitoid infected with both Wolbachia and Cardinium

@article{White2011EndosymbiontCA,
  title={Endosymbiont costs and benefits in a parasitoid infected with both Wolbachia and Cardinium},
  author={Jennifer A White and Suzanne E. Kelly and Sarah N Cockburn and Steve J. Perlman and Martha Hunter},
  journal={Heredity},
  year={2011},
  volume={106},
  pages={585-591}
}
Theory suggests that maternally inherited endosymbionts can promote their spread and persistence in host populations by enhancing the production of daughters by infected hosts, either by improving overall host fitness, or through reproductive manipulation. In the doubly infected parasitoid wasp Encarsia inaron, Wolbachia manipulates host reproduction through cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI), but Cardinium does not. We investigated the fitness costs and/or benefits of infection by each bacterium… CONTINUE READING