Endoscopically-assisted subcondylar and vertical ramus osteotomies for the treatment of symmetrical mandibular prognathism.

Abstract

The author describe the endoscopically-assisted intraoral vertical ramus (IVRO) and subcondylar (ISCO) osteotomies for the treatment of symmetric mandibular prognathism. The use of the saw and the bone chisel under the continuous control of the endoscope provides a safer approach since the osteotomy is controlled during the whole process. The introduction… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcms.2011.07.003

Cite this paper

@article{GonzlezGarca2012EndoscopicallyassistedSA, title={Endoscopically-assisted subcondylar and vertical ramus osteotomies for the treatment of symmetrical mandibular prognathism.}, author={Ra{\'u}l Gonz{\'a}lez-Garc{\'i}a}, journal={Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery}, year={2012}, volume={40 5}, pages={393-5} }