Endoscopic treatment of biliary tract fistulas.

@article{Ponchon1989EndoscopicTO,
  title={Endoscopic treatment of biliary tract fistulas.},
  author={Thierry Ponchon and J. F. Gallez and Pierre Jean Valette and Annick Chavaillon and R. -M. Bory},
  journal={Gastrointestinal endoscopy},
  year={1989},
  volume={35 6},
  pages={
          490-8
        }
}
Endoscopic therapy was attempted in 24 patients with spontaneous or postoperative persistent biliary fistulas. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography demonstrated the site of the fistula in 22 cases. Sphincterotomy or biliary stent placement resulted in rapid resolution of the fistula in 16 of 24 patients. Failures were attributed to exclusion of the injured intrahepatic bile duct in two cases, insufficient dilation of a bile duct stricture in one, the large size of the bile duct defect in two… CONTINUE READING
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