Endoscopic treatment of biliary-tract diseases. An international study.

@article{Safrany1978EndoscopicTO,
  title={Endoscopic treatment of biliary-tract diseases. An international study.},
  author={Laszlo Safrany},
  journal={Lancet},
  year={1978},
  volume={2 8097},
  pages={983-5}
}
Data on endoscopic sphincterotomy from 15 gastroenterology centres with very wide experience show that 3618 out of 3853 (93.%) attempts at the procedure were successful. The main indication for sphincterotomy was choledocholithiasis (3070, or 84.9% cases). After sphincterotomy the stones passed spontaneously or were removed in 2779 (90.5%) cases. Bleeding, cholangitis, pancreatitis, perforation, and stone impaction occurred in 254 (7.0%) cases; the mortality-rate was 1.4%. 83 (2.3%) cases… CONTINUE READING